E-learning is certainly not the ultimate solution for learning problems, nor can it completely replace traditional learning methods. However, we believe that we can achieve better education by using a mixture of classic classroom learning and e-learning. Especially for those students, who often use computers and the Internet, e-learning can be not only very helpful but also much more fun when learning, repeating and deepening new content. Dinosaurs are practicing an almost magical appeal on most children of elementary school age. Once the topic is dealt with, the motivation of students to participate actively in class is very high.
|Published (Last):||10 October 2010|
|PDF File Size:||14.51 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||2.85 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Capturing socially motivated linguistic change. How the use of gender-fair language afffects support for social initiatives in Austria and Poland. Magdalena M. Two main reasons account for these differences. Presently, job advertisements must be phrased in a gender-fair way, e.
This was supported with over , signatures from Polish citizens. However, no such difference was observed for women. This topic may have reinforced the effect of feminine forms in the description.
The website of the study was accessed by persons. For this purpose, we provided seven items from the Neosexism Scale Tougas et al. Results of the regression analysis are presented in Table 2. In daily life, it is quite common to use academic titles when introducing people. Martina Winkler psychologist. Moreover, we asked their opinions on factors influencing the situation of women.
Results of the regression analysis are presented in Table 3. In addition, it showed that the effect depended on the goal of the initiative. Although we do not have direct evidence, participants made several comments in that direction. As Bob Dylan said, the times they are a-changin'. Sixth Edition. An analysis of classic arguments against changing sexist language. Studia Psychologiczne, 49 2 , Communications, 30 1 , Sex Roles, 42 11 , Gender and language politics in France.
Hellinger and H. Political Psychology, 17 1 , Engendering female visibility in German. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 56 2 , Sex differences in social behavior: A social-role interpretation.
The ethics of Internet research. Blank, N. Lee Eds. Sex Roles, 23 11 , Sex Roles, 19 11 , Review of General Psychology, 10 4 , Why are women penalized for success at male tasks? The Journal of Applied Psychology, 92 1 , Kontrastive feministische Linguistik [Contrastive feminist linguistics].
Gender across languages, Vols. Language, meaning, and social cognition. Sex Roles, 13 , Psychological Bulletin, 3 , A meta-analysis of three research paradigms. Hellinger, and H. Does political correctness make social sense? Forgas, and O. Vincze Eds. Words and women: New language in new times.
American Psychologist, 33 11 , Visible or influential? Language reforms and gender in equality. Androcentric coding of man and his in memory by language users. Language-based discrimination: Blatant and subtle forms. Gender in Spanish: Tradition and innovation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36 7 , Sex Roles, 39 5 , Linguistic sexism and feminist linguistic activism. Meyerhoff and J. Oxford: Blackwell. Sex Roles, 66 , Journal of Applied Psychology, 97 2 , 95— Representation of the sexes in language.
Fiedler Ed. New York: Psychology Press. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37 6 , Linguistik und Frauensprache [Linguistics and women's language].
Social Justice Research, 20 2 , Guidelines for gender-neutral language. Ambassadors of gender equality? Sex Roles, 18 3 , Study 1: Regression model for the evaluation of the initiative. Study 2: Regression model for the evaluation of the initiative.
Study 3: Regression model for the evaluation of the initiative. When this variable was used as a dependent variable, the pattern of results matched those presented in the main analysis. The interaction term was significant at the. This indicates that support for the parity act was similar across genders and experimental conditions and the use of covariate was justified. Information on the support for parity act was provided by participants. One question assessing the competitiveness of Polish v institutions of higher education was omitted because we have encountered considerable problems with translation and back-translation of this item into German.
Second question whether the initiative was governed by genuine care for other e people was omitted because we have included two additional similar questions examining for exploratory purposes r judgments of fairness of the initiative see also Footnote 8. However, for the In German language we referred to the related scale for which the translation was available for us. In addition, we applied a scale measuring attitudes toward affirmative action programs Bell et al.
Responses to the latter were in the format of a semantic differential and could vary, for instance, from 1 negative to 5 positive. Finally, participants were asked how strongly they supported feminism. Related Papers. Side effects of gender-fair language: How feminine job titles influence the evaluation of female applicants.
By Giulia Lai. By Sabine Sczesny. Effects of the Wording of Job Advertisements. By Lisa Horvath and Sabine Sczesny. By Pascal Gygax. Download pdf.
HTTP WWW EDUHI AT DL MOTIVATION PDF
Teachers InfoPoint ENG
This pattern of results may inform the discussion about formal policies regulating the use of gender-fair language. Login using Several issues regarding gender equality were raised at the time, and gender was a salient concept. According to numerous researchers, the implementation of gender-fair language has reached different stages in Austria and Mktivation. To support the cover story, the initiative was described in the layout of a popular opinion magazine in Poland.
Language, Cognition and Gender View all 9 Articles. Gender-fair language consists of the symmetric linguistic treatment of women and men instead of using masculine forms as generics. In this study, we examine how the use of gender-fair language affects readers' support for social initiatives in Poland and Austria. While gender-fair language is relatively novel in Poland, it is well established in Austria. This difference may lead to different perceptions of gender-fair usage in these speech communities. Two studies conducted in Poland investigate whether the evaluation of social initiatives Study 1: quotas for women on election lists; Study 2: support for women students or students from countries troubled by war is affected by how female proponents lawyers, psychologists, sociologists, and academics are referred to, with masculine forms traditional or with feminine forms modern, gender-fair. Study 3 replicates Study 2 in Austria.