The ASTM E Standard Test Method for Water Penetration of Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls by Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference is a testing standard that describes the procedures to determine the water penetration resistance of windows, curtain walls, skylights, and doors when water is applied using a calibrated spray apparatus while simultaneously applying uniform static pressure to opposite sides of the test specimen. The ASTM E testing is performed by applying water to the exterior of the test specimen while lowering the pressure inside by means of an air chamber built on the inside or opposite side of the test specimen. The water spray system has nozzles spaced on a grid to deliver water so that the test specimen is wet uniformly, includingthose areas vulnerable to water penetration. The calibrated spray apparatus spray-rack system delivers water to the test specimen at a rate of 5. The testing pressure differential is usually determined by the testing specifier.
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Historical Version s - view previous versions of standard. More E The air-pressure differences acting across a building envelope vary greatly. These factors should be fully considered prior to specifying the test pressure difference to be used.
In service, the performance will also depend on the rigidity of supporting construction and on the resistance of components to deterioration by various causes, vibration, thermal expansion and contraction, etc.
It is difficult to simulate the identical complex wetting conditions that can be encountered in service, with large wind-blown water drops, increasing water drop impact pressures with increasing wind velocity, and lateral or upward moving air and water.
Some designs are more sensitive than others to this upward moving water. Water that penetrates the assembly, but does not result in a failure as defined herein, may have adverse effects on the performance of contained materials such as sealants and insulating or laminated glass. This test method does not address these issues. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to inch-pound units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see 7. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
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ASTM E 331
Water resistance is a critical performance factor for a building envelope , especially in climates where wet, wind-driven rain is a common condition. Keeping water out of wall assemblies is crucial for the long-term health of buildings and their occupants. Intended to simulate a realistic scenario, the test requires the construction of a specimen wall with all components to be tested at full size using the same details as in an actual wall assembly. This could include an air barrier or water-resistive barrier as part of the assembly. The specimen is installed on one side of a sealed test chamber, which is equipped with a water spray grid with nozzles that spray water on the specimen uniformly at a minimum rate of 3. The chamber also has a blower or compressed air system that provides a constant air flow at a fixed pressure. The idea is to create a pressure differential of pascals Pa , unless otherwise specified.
Differences between ASTM E331 & ASTM E1105
ASTM E 331 and ASTM E 1105: Testing Water Resistance of Exterior Walls