The Registrar General of India has released statistics on the level of living in India from the Census and the results are quite revealing. Even more revealing are the changes since the Census. Regarding the first two issues in the headline, the percentage of houses with an indoor toilet is still less than half but there was an improvement see table below. But, if one sees the glass as half empty, should the percentage increase in toilets remain steady, the Census would be the first to show this figure to reach percent! Conditions in rural areas are much worse than urban areas given that 7 out of 10 households must resort to open places like fields, bush, river, stream, railway tracks, and so forth. And how about those mobile phones?
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The 15th Indian Census was conducted in two phases, house listing and population enumeration. House listing phase began on 1 April and involved collection of information about all buildings. The second population enumeration phase was conducted between 9 and 28 February Census has been conducted in India since and marks the first time biometric information was collected. According to the provisional reports released on 31 March , the Indian population increased to 1.
The motto of the census was 'Our Census, Our future'. Spread across 29 states [a] and 7 union territories , the census covered districts, 5, sub-districts, 7, towns and more than , villages. A total of 2. During the early census, people often exaggerated their caste status to garner social status and it is expected that people downgrade it now in the expectation of gaining government benefits. There is only one instance of a caste-count in post-independence India.
It was conducted in Kerala in by the Communist government under E M S Namboodiripad to assess the social and economic backwardness of various lower castes. The census was termed Socio-Economic Survey of and the results were published in the Gazetteer of Kerala, Census data was collected in 16 languages and the training manual was prepared in 18 languages.
In , India and Bangladesh also conducted their first-ever joint census of areas along their border. The first, the house-listing phase, began on 1 April and involved collection of data about all the buildings and census houses.
The second, the population enumeration phase, was conducted from 9 — 28 February all over the country. The eradication of epidemics, the availability of more effective medicines for the treatment of various types of diseases and the improvement in the standard of living were the main reasons for the high decadal growth of population in India.
The House-listing schedule contained 35 questions. The Population enumeration schedule contained 30 questions. The National Population Register household schedule contained 9 questions. Once the information was collected and digitised, fingerprints were taken and photos collected.
Unique Identification Authority of India was to issue a digit identification number to all individuals and the first ID was to have been issued in Provisional data from the census was released on 31 March and was updated on 20 May The population of India as per census was 1,,, India, with 2.
Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state with roughly million people. India is the homeland of major belief systems such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism, while also being home to several indigenous faiths and tribal religions which have survived the influence of major religions for centuries.
Ever since its inception, the Census of India has been collecting and publishing information about the religious affiliations as expressed by the people of India. In fact, population census has the rare distinction of being the only instrument that collects this diverse and important characteristic of the Indian population.
According to the Census of India, there are 57, Parsis in India. Among the ORP faiths, six faiths- 4. Hindi is the most widely spoken language in northern and western parts of India.
The census report on bilingualism and trilingualism , which provides data on the two languages in order of preference in which a person is proficient other than the mother tongue, was released in September Any one above age 7 who can read and write in any language with an ability to understand was considered a literate.
In censuses before , children below the age 5 were treated as illiterates. The literacy rate taking the entire population into account is termed as "crude literacy rate", and taking the population from age 7 and above into account is termed as "effective literacy rate". Effective literacy rate increased to a total of From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Languages of India. India portal. The Times of India. Press Information Bureau, Government of India. Economic Times Blog.
Indian Express. Retrieved 24 July Hindustan Times. The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 16 April Government of India. Retrieved 22 January Retrieved 1 April Archived from the original on 1 April Retrieved 30 April We are the second most populous nation in the world at 1.
India Today. The Times of India Blog. Government of India Census of India. Retrieved 12 December Archived from the original PDF on 12 January Retrieved 23 July Retrieved 27 October Retrieved 27 January Retrieved 25 August Retrieved 31 August Mail Online.
DNA India. Retrieved 28 October Milli Gazette. Retrieved 15 May Archived from the original on 25 August The News Minute. Retrieved 14 February Overview Indian economic census Socio Economic and Caste Census. Hidden categories: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list Use dmy dates from February Use Indian English from September All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from June Articles with unsourced statements from February Commons category link is on Wikidata.
Ownership status of the house Number of dwelling rooms Number of married couple the household Main source of drinking water Availability of drinking water source Main source of lighting Latrine within the premises Type of latrine facility Waste water outlet connection Bathing facility within the premises.
Other languages known Literacy status Status of attendance Education Highest educational level attained Working any time during last year Category of economic activity Occupation Nature of industry Trade or service Class of worker Non economic activity. Seeking or available for work Travel to place of work Birthplace Place of last residence Reason for migration Duration of stay in the place of migration Children surviving Children ever born Number of children born alive during last one year.
Andhra Pradesh [a]. Madhya Pradesh. Jammu and Kashmir. Himachal Pradesh. Arunachal Pradesh. Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Census of India, National Censuses Overview National Censuses
India Releases Latest Census Results, Showing Population Catching Up to China
Both countries have conducted censuses over the past year, and when they report their census results, figures such as the widely accepted world population total are at risk of changing. India has released the results of its Census, conducted from Feb. The provisional population totals were released on March 31, less than a month after the census was conducted. Now it is 90 percent.
2011 Census Data
The number of villages in India is anywhere between , and one million, according to various government databases. The number and the definition of villages vary across databases, making it challenging to plan across sectors for a village development plan. There are around , villages in India, according to Census , the most authoritative source of information about administrative boundaries in the country. Of these, , are inhabited. The ministry points out the mismatch in this report. The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Gramin report by the same ministry, pegs the number of villages at , Clearly, there is not one authoritative estimate of the number of villages in the country.