His best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics. He is best known for his stories about the partition of India , which he opposed , immediately following independence in Manto was tried for obscenity six times; thrice before in British India , and thrice after independence in in Pakistan , but was never convicted. He was ethnically a Kashmiri and proud of his Kashmiri roots. In a letter to Pandit Nehru he suggested that being 'beautiful' was the second meaning of being 'Kashmiri'.
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His best short stories are held in high esteem by writers and critics. He is best known for his stories about the partition of India , which he opposed , immediately following independence in Manto was tried for obscenity six times; thrice before in British India , and thrice after independence in in Pakistan , but was never convicted. He was ethnically a Kashmiri and proud of his Kashmiri roots.
In a letter to Pandit Nehru he suggested that being 'beautiful' was the second meaning of being 'Kashmiri'. The big turning point in his life came in , at age 21, when he met Abdul Bari Alig, a scholar and polemic writer who encouraged him to find his true talents and read Russian and French authors. It was here that he met writer Ali Sardar Jafri and found a new spurt in his writing.
His second story, "Inqlaab Pasand", was published in Aligarh magazine in March In , Saadat Hasan Manto first came to Bombay now Mumbai and started to write for magazines, newspapers and writing scripts for the Hindi film industry. During this time, he lived in Foras Road , in the center of Bombay's red light area of Kamathipura. What he saw then around him had a profound impact on his writings. This proved to be his most productive period as in the next eighteen months he published over four collections of radio plays, Aao Come , Manto ke Drame Manto's Dramas , Janaze Funerals and Teen Auraten Three women.
He continued to write short stories and his next short story collection Dhuan Smoke was soon out followed by Manto ke Afsane and his first collection of topical essays, Manto ke Mazamin.
This period culminated with the publication of his mixed collection Afsane aur Dramey in Meanwhile, due to a quarrel with the director of All India Radio, poet N. Rashid, he left his job and returned to Bombay in July and again started working with film industry. Some of his short stories also came from this phase including Kaali Shalwar , Dhuan and Bu , which was published in Qaumi Jang Bombay in February Another highlight of his second phase in Bombay was the publication of a collection of his stories, Chugad, which also included the story 'Babu Gopinath'.
As a resident of Bombay, Manto had intended to stay in India after partition. During this time, as stories of the atrocities of partition riots reached him, in the midst of occasional communal riots in Mumbai itself, he decided to migrate to Pakistan, and left for it by ship. Manto and his family thus found themselves as " muhajirs " refugees from India and were among the millions of Muslims who left present-day India for the new Muslim-majority nation of Pakistan.
According to one commentator: "There was absolutely no external influence and people would share their opinions on any subject without fear even during the military dictators' regimes.
Santhanam, an eminent lawyer and the family of a jeweler called Girdharilal. In his later years, Manto had become increasingly alcoholic, which eventually led to cirrhosis of the liver.
He died on 18 January , in an apartment located off Hall Road in Lahore. His death was attributed to the effects of alcoholism. His daughter Nighat Bashir Patel still lives in the vicinity of the house where Manto lived. Manto was a writer whose life story became a subject of intense discussion and introspection. On 18 January , the fiftieth anniversary of his death, Manto was commemorated on a Pakistani postage stamp.
In , Pakistani actor and director Sarmad Khoosat made and released a movie, Manto , based on the life of Manto. On 11 May , Google celebrated his th birthday with a Google Doodle. Manto chronicled the chaos that prevailed, during and after the Partition of India in His first story was "Tamasha", based on the Jallianwala Bagh massacre at Amritsar. His final works, which grew from the social climate and his own financial struggles, reflected an innate sense of human impotency towards darkness and contained satire that verged on dark comedy, as seen in his final work, Toba Tek Singh.
To add to it, his numerous court cases and societal rebukes deepened his cynical view of society, from which he felt isolated. At least one commentator compares Saadat Hasan Manto to D. Lawrence , partly because he wrote about taboos of Indo-Pakistani Society. With my stories, I only expose the truth". Regarding the charges of obscenity he opined, "I am not a pornographer but a story writer".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Princeton University Press. Retrieved 19 September Penguin Books India. Archived from the original on 30 March Retrieved 18 March The Guardian. Retrieved 2 March The partition was brutal and bloody, and to Saadat Hasan Manto, a Muslim journalist, short-story author and Indian film screenwriter living in Bombay, it appeared maddeningly senseless.
Manto was already an established writer before August , but the stories he would go on to write about partition would come to cement his reputation. Manto had been implacably opposed to partition and had refused to go to the newly formed Pakistan. The New York Times. Retrieved 30 March India Today. Retrieved 14 September The Wire. Retrieved 14 January Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Urdu Literature. Global Vision Publishing House. Bombay Stories.
Random House India. He claimed allegiance not only to his native Punjab but also to his ancestors' home in Kashmir. While raised speaking Punjabi, he was also proud of the remnants of Kashmiri culture that his family maintained-food customs, as well as intermarriage with families of Kashmiri origin-and throughout his life he assigned special importance to others who had Kashmiri roots.
By virtue of his disposition, temperament, features and his spirit, Manto remains a Kashmiri Pandit. Pakistan Post. Archived from the original on 25 December BBC Hindi. Asian Affairs. Retrieved 16 January Retrieved 21 May Ganjay Farishtay. Retrieved 4 September The Herald.
Retrieved 6 September Karachi - Tareekh ke aayiney meain. Live Mint. Retrieved 27 December Charcoal and gravel. Retrieved 19 January Retrieved 12 August BBC Culture. Retrieved 22 May Retrieved 16 May Kashmir Sentinel. Archived from the original on 30 July Life and works of Saadat Hasan Manto. Indian Institute of Advanced Study. For him the partition was an overwhelming tragedy.
The Tribune. Pak Tea House. Penguin Books. The Friday Times. Retrieved 20 February The Journal of Asian Studies. Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics 14 : 91— India: Random House India.
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Saadat Hasan Manto
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منٹو کے 13 بہترین افسانے [Manto ke 13 Behtreen Afsanay]
Account Options Sign in. Top charts. New releases. Add to Wishlist. Writing mainly in Urdu language, he produced 22 collections of short stories, a novel, five series of radio plays, three collections of essays, two collections of personal sketches.