The book cannot be shown to predate the 13th century, but may in parts date back to late antiquity. Like other obscure ancient texts such as the Bahir and Sefer Yetzirah , the work has been extant in a number of versions. The tradition around the book attributes it to have been revealed to Adam by the angel Raziel. The title itself is mentioned in another magical work of late antiquity, The Sword of Moses. Critical historians regard it as a medieval work, most probably originating among the Ashkenazi Hasidim , as citations from it begin to appear only in the 13th century. Sections of it are no doubt older.

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Account Options Fazer login. Ver e-book. The Bahir. Jason Aronson, Incorporated , 7 de jul. The Bahir is one of the oldest and most important of all classical Kabbalah texts. Until the publication of the Zohar , the Bahir was the most influential and widely quoted primary source of Kabbalistic teachings.

The Bahir is quoted in every major book on Kabbalah, the earliest being the Raavad's commentary on Sefer Yetzirah, and it is cited numerous times by Rabbi Moshe ben Nachman Ramban in his commentary on the Torah.

It is also quoted many times in the Zohar. It was first published around by the Provence school of Kabbalists; the first printed edition appeared in Amsterdam in The name Bahir is derived from the first verse quoted in the text Job , "And now they do not see light, it is brilliant Bahir in the skies.

The reason might be that Rabbi Nehuniah's name is at the very beginning of the book, but most Kabbalists actually attribute the Bahir to him and his school. Some consider it the oldest kabbalistic text ever written.

Although the Bahir is a fairly small book, some 12, words in all, it was very highly esteemed among those who probed its mysteries. Rabbi Judah Chayit, a prominent fifteenth-century Kabbalist, writes, "Make this book a crown for your head. Also included is a discussion of reincarnation, or Gilgul, an interpretation of the letters of the Hebrew alphabet, the Thirty-two Paths of Wisdom, and the concept of Tzimtzum, the s. Commentary on Bahir.

Notes to the Introduction. Notes to the Bahir. Bahir Hebrew Text. About the Author. Direitos autorais. After years of study at Jerusalem's Mir Yeshiva, he was ordained by some of Israel's foremost rabbinic authorities. He also earned a master's degree in physics and was listed in Who's Who in Physics in the United States. In the course of a writing career spanning only twelve years, Rabbi Kaplan earned a reputation as one of the most effective, persuasive, scholarly, and prolific exponents of Judaism in the English language.

He died on January 28, , at the age of Aryeh Kaplan.


Abraham Abulafia






96 TCN 43-90 PDF


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