Linus Torvalds created the Linux kernel and oversees open source development of the widely-used Linux operating system. Torvalds was born on 28 December in Helsinki, Finland. His M. An avid computer programmer, Linus authored many gaming applications in his early years. After purchasing a personal computer with an Intel CPU, he began using Minix, an Unix-inspired operating system created by Andrew Tanenbaum for use as a teaching tool. In , Torvalds accepted an invitation to visit the California headquarters of Transmeta, a start-up company in the first stages of designing an energy saving central processing unit CPU.
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He also created the distributed revision control system Git and the diving logging and planning software Subsurface. He was honored, along with Shinya Yamanaka, with the Millennium Technology Prize by the Technology Academy Finland "in recognition of his creation of a new open source operating system for computers leading to the widely used Linux kernel".
Torvalds was born in Helsinki, Finland in Both of his parents were campus radicals at the University of Helsinki in the s. His family belongs to the Swedish-speaking minority. Torvalds was named after Linus Pauling, the Nobel Prize—winning American chemist, although in the book Rebel Code: Linux and the Open Source Revolution , Torvalds is quoted as saying, "I think I was named equally for Linus the Peanuts cartoon character", noting that this makes him half "Nobel Prize—winning chemist" and half "blanket-carrying cartoon character".
Torvalds attended the University of Helsinki between and , graduating with a master's degree in computer science from NODES research group. His academic career was interrupted after his first year of study when he joined the Finnish Army Uusimaa brigade, in the summer of , selecting the month officer training program to fulfill the mandatory military service of Finland.
In the army he held the rank of Second Lieutenant, with the role of a ballistic calculation officer. His M. He did not make use of assembly language.
He is known to have written a Pac-Man clone named Cool Man. The first prototypes of Linux were publicly released later that year Version 1. Torvalds first encountered the GNU Project in , after another Swedish-speaking computer science student Lars Wirzenius took him to the University of Technology to listen to free software-guru Richard Stallman's speech.
After a visit to Transmeta in late , Torvalds accepted a position at the company in California, where he would work from February until June He then moved to the Open Source Development Labs, which has since merged with the Free Standards Group to become the Linux Foundation, under whose auspices he continues to work.
From to , he was involved in 86open helping to choose the standard binary format for Linux and Unix. In , Red Hat and VA Linux, both leading developers of Linux-based software, presented Torvalds with stock options in gratitude for his creation.
His personal mascot is a penguin nicknamed Tux, which has been widely adopted by the Linux community as the mascot of the Linux kernel.
Although Torvalds believes "open source is the only right way to do software", he also has said that he uses the "best tool for the job", even if that includes proprietary software.
He was criticized for his use and alleged advocacy of the proprietary BitKeeper software for version control in the Linux kernel. Torvalds subsequently wrote a free-software replacement for BitKeeper called Git. In , Torvalds stated that he used the Fedora distribution of Linux because it had fairly good support for the PowerPC processor architecture, which he had favored at the time. His usage of Fedora was confirmed in a later interview. He has also posted updates about his choice of desktop environment, often in response to perceived feature regressions.
Linus Torvalds is known for disagreeing with other developers on the Linux kernel mailing list. In , at the LinuxCon conference, Torvalds was asked whether he had ever been "approached by the U. To laughter from the room, he replied "no" while nodding his head and thus implying "yes". Initially, Torvalds wanted to call the kernel he developed Freax a combination of "free", "freak", and the letter X to indicate that it is a Unix-like system , but his friend Ari Lemmke, who administered the FTP server where the kernel was first hosted for download, named Torvalds's directory linux.
As of , approximately two percent of the Linux kernel was written by Torvalds himself. Because thousands have contributed to the Linux kernel, this percentage is one of the largest contributions to it. However, he stated in that his own personal contribution is now mostly merging code written by others, with little programming. Torvalds retains the highest authority to decide which new code is incorporated into the standard Linux kernel. Torvalds holds the "Linux" trademark and monitors the use of it, chiefly through the Linux Mark Institute.
Linus was running introductory computer laboratory exercises for students and instructed the course attendees to send him an e-mail as a test, to which Tove responded with an e-mail asking for a date. Tove and Linus were later married and have three daughters, Patricia Miranda born , Daniela Yolanda born , and Celeste Amanda born , two of whom were born in the United States. The Linux kernel's reboot system call accepts their dates of birth written in hexadecimal as magic values.
Torvalds describes himself as "completely a-religious—atheist", adding that "I find that people seem to think religion brings morals and appreciation of nature. I actually think it detracts from both. It gives people the excuse to say, 'Oh, nature was just created,' and so the act of creation is seen to be something miraculous.
I appreciate the fact that, 'Wow, it's incredible that something like this could have happened in the first place. When discussing the issue of church and state separation, Torvalds also said, "Yeah, it's kind of ironic that in many European countries, there is actually a kind of legal binding between the state and the state religion. He is unaffiliated with any U. University of Helsinki has named an auditorium after Torvalds and his computer is on display at the Department of Computer Science.
InfoWorld presented him with the Award for Industry Achievement. In , Torvalds appeared as one of "the best managers" in a survey by BusinessWeek.
In , Business 2. Biography Lists Also Viewed. Intro Finnish-American software engineer and hacker A. Life and career Early years Torvalds was born in Helsinki, Finland in Linux The first prototypes of Linux were publicly released later that year Currently, the Linux Foundation sponsors Torvalds so he can work full-time on improving Linux. Authority and trademark As of , approximately two percent of the Linux kernel was written by Torvalds himself.
Personal life Torvalds in The Computer Pioneer Award was established in by the IEEE Computer Society Board of Governors to recognize and honor the vision of those whose efforts resulted in the creation and continued vitality of the computer industry. The award is presented to outstanding individuals whose main contribution to the concepts and development of the computer field was made at least 15 years earlier.
The honor is widely described as technology's equivalent of the Nobel Prize. Two years later he received honorary doctor status at Stockholm University, and in , he received the same honor from his alma mater. In , the naming of the asteroid moon Linus was motivated in part by the fact that the discoverer was an enthusiastic Linux user. Although the naming proposal referred to the mythological Linus, son of the muse Calliope and the inventor of melody and rhythm, the name was also meant to honor Linus Torvalds, and Linus van Pelt, a character in the Peanuts comic strip.
Compaq software engineers developed special Linux kernel modules. Linux distributions that ran on AlphaServer systems were Red Hat 7. In , he was named one of the most influential people in the world by Time magazine. In , the magazine's Europe edition named him one of the revolutionary heroes of the past 60 years. Finland United States of America.
Engineering Internet Literature Science Technology. Dunthorpe, Helsinki, Portland, Santa Clara. Anna Torvalds. Nils Torvalds. Tove Torvalds. In , he was inducted into the Hall of Fellows of the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California, "for the creation of the Linux kernel and the management of open source development of the widely used Linux operating system. In , the asteroid Torvalds was named after him. In the period — Torvalds developed versions of Linux on early AlphaServer systems made available to him by the engineering department of Digital Equipment Corporation.
Linus Torvalds is the world's most famous computer programmer and also its most famous Finn. He is the founder and coordinator of Linux , the Unix-like operating system that is beginning to revolutionize the computer industry and possibly much else as well. His is truly one of the great tales in the history of the computers. Linus Benedict Torvalds was born on December 28, in Helsinki, the capital and largest city in Finland. He was named after Linus Pauling, the famous physical chemist and Nobel Prize winner.
20 Facts About Linus Torvalds, the Creator of Linux and Git
Linus Torvalds created the Linux kernel and oversaw open source development of the widely-used Linux operating system. Torvalds was born on December 28, in Helsinki, Finland. Torvalds enrolled at the University of Helsinki in , graduating with a master's degree in computer science. His M.