Jump to navigation. That the HRC had been harsh on the military was easily surmised from Bhutto's grandiose announcement that every copy had been burnt. Yet, the speculation refused to die. Knowledgeable circles in Islamabad insisted that at least two copies had survived. One was found in the Bhutto house in Larkana in after his execution and subsequently kept under wraps in the Ministry of Interior. The other simply disappeared.
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The Hamoodur Rahman Commission otherwise known as War Enquiry Commission  , was a judicial inquiry commission that assessed Pakistan 's political—military involvement in East-Pakistan from to Constituted "to prepare a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the atrocities and war ", including the "circumstances in which the Commander of the Eastern Military Command , surrendered the Eastern contingent forces under his command laid down their arms. The commission's final report was very lengthy and provided an analysis based extensive interviews and testimonies.
Its primary conclusion was very critical of the role of Pakistan's military interference, the misconduct of politicians as well as the intelligence failures of the Inter-Services Intelligence ISI and the Federal Investigation Agency FIA , which permitted the infiltration of Indian agents all along the borders of East Pakistan.
Originally, there were 12 copies of the report. These were all destroyed; except the one that was handed over to Government who disallowed its publication at the time. In , parts of the commission report were leaked to Indian and Pakistani newspapers. The full report was thought to be declassified by the government in , along with other reports concerning the year of In , the war between India and Pakistan witnessed the liberation of East-Pakistan , which ended with the signing of the Instrument of Surrender with the Indian Army in Dhaka.
Upon consolidating the power , President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto announced to form the Commission under the Supreme Court 's senior justices in December Initially, the commission was known as War Enquiry Commission but gained notability as "Hamoodur Rehman Commission" across the country. The Commission had consisted of both civilian and military officials that investigated the political and military failures based on the interviews and testimonies provided by the POWs , politicians, activists, military leaders, and journalists for two years.
The Commission interviewed and stored testimonies in both first and supplementary reports. In , it was reported that around officials were interviewed and testified, including Yahya Khan and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. The Commission considered this initial report as "tentative" as it had not been able to interview many key people who were at that time POWs in India. One of the copies was given to President Bhutto and the rest were either destroyed or were stolen. It is theorized that the first report is very critical of Pakistan military 's interference in politics and misconduct of politicians in country's political atmosphere.
The first report is never published and kept as highly classified documents because of its potentially adverse effects on the military's at that time low-institutional morale and fear of a backlash.
In , the Commission reopened its enquiry offering an opportunity to the prisoners of war who had been freed by India and Bangladesh by then and others repatriated from East Pakistan to furnish such information as might be within their knowledge and relevant to the purposes of the Commission. Commission held an informal meeting at Lahore on 3 June to consider various preliminary matters and then decided to resume proceedings at Abbottabad from 16 July The Commission examined nearly witnesses in total, hundreds of classified documents and military signals between East and West Pakistan.
The supplementary report is heavily based on testimonies provided by the returning POWs and their families but held the military responsible for the atrocities committed in East Pakistan in The Commission endorsed the Pakistan's claim that: Families of West Pakistani officials in East Pakistan were subjected to inhumane treatment by their Bengali colleagues.
The final report, also called supplementary report, was submitted on 23 October , showed how political, administrative, military and moral failings were responsible for the surrender of Pakistani forces in East Pakistan. The Commission challenged the claims by Bangladeshi authorities that 3,, Bengalis had been killed by the Pakistani military and , women were raped. Although these references were not verified thoroughly and more seems like a conspiracy and tales.
Volume I of the supplementary report dealt with the political background , international relations , and military aspects of the events in The Commission found that when the tales of slaughtering of Western Pakistanis reached to Pakistani soldiers stationed in East , they reacted violently, and in the process of restoring the authority of the Government , committed severe excesses on the local Bengali population.
Both the first and the supplementary report's findings accused the Pakistan Army of carrying out the senseless and wanton arson, killings in the countryside, killing of intellectuals and professionals and burying them in mass graves , killing of officers of East Pakistan Army and soldiers on the pretence of quelling their rebellion, killing East Pakistani civilian officers, businessmen and industrialists, raping a large number of East Pakistani women as a deliberate act of revenge, retaliation and torture, and deliberate killing of members of the Hindu minority.
The report accused the army generals of what it called a "premature surrender" and said the military's continued involvement in running the government after was one reason for the corruption and ineffectiveness of senior officers. The report accused General Yahya Khan, of being a womanizer and an alcoholic. Many insightful recommendations were made by the Commission as it recommends to hold the public trial for the President General Yahya Khan, also the Commander-in-Chief and the chief martial law administrator of both East and Pakistan in western side.
Mitha should be publicly tried for being party to a criminal conspiracy to illegally usurp power from Mohammad Ayub Khan in power if necessary by the use of force.
Nazi , Mohammad Jamshed, M. Mustafa and Brigadier-Generals G. According to the Commission General Mustafa's offensive plan aimed at the capture of the Indian position of Ramgarh in the Rajasthan area Western Front was militarily unsound and haphazardly planned, and its execution resulted in severe loss of vehicles and equipment in the desert.
It was mandate to have a collective responsibility of national defence and mechanism of plans based on a joint objectives. The chairmanship was to be rotated between each inter-services, irrespective of the personal ranks in each service. In the end, the commission opined in the report that the nation would learn the necessary lessons from these tragic events, and that effective and early action will be taken in the light of the conclusions reached.
Bhutto classified the report because, according to journalist Salil Tripathi, he was concerned that it would demoralize the military and might trigger unrest therein. Bhutto replied that the report was missing; it was either lost, or stolen, and was nowhere to be found. Upon hearing the fate of the report, Chief Justice Rahman did asked the Chief of Army Staff General Zia-ul-Haq for the apprehension of the report who also commented that the original report is nowhere to be found, and nobody knows where the report actually went missing— neither at the Army GHQ or the National Archives of Pakistan.
In s, the curiosity over the report grows with the News International revealing that the report was suppressed and was held secretly at the Joint Staff HQ in Rawalpindi. Contents of the report were published by the Dawn and the India Today and rumored to be the first report, in August No action was ever taken based on the report, the report was classified and its publication disallowed at the time. Niazi , and Rao Farman Ali all died in President Pervez Musharraf reportedly commented in October that the incidents in were a political as well as a military debacle, and that calls for the military generals to be tried were not fair.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the commission chaired by the Hamoodur Rahman. For other uses, see Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report.
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Hamoodur Rahman Commission report unsettles Pakistan, raises demands for probe into Kargil
The Hamoodur Rahman Commission otherwise known as War Enquiry Commission  , was a judicial inquiry commission that assessed Pakistan 's political—military involvement in East-Pakistan from to Constituted "to prepare a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the atrocities and war ", including the "circumstances in which the Commander of the Eastern Military Command , surrendered the Eastern contingent forces under his command laid down their arms. The commission's final report was very lengthy and provided an analysis based extensive interviews and testimonies. Its primary conclusion was very critical of the role of Pakistan's military interference, the misconduct of politicians as well as the intelligence failures of the Inter-Services Intelligence ISI and the Federal Investigation Agency FIA , which permitted the infiltration of Indian agents all along the borders of East Pakistan. Originally, there were 12 copies of the report.
Hamoodur Rahman Commission
The Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report or War Report  contains the Government of Pakistan 's official and classified papers of the events leading up to loss of East Pakistan and the war with India. That single report was handed over to the government , which forbade its publication at the time. An editorial entitled, " Gen Agha Mohammad Yahya Khan - 4 " written by Ardeshir Cowasjee on the basis of the Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report, demonstrated that "three men principally had been responsible for the loss, at the end of , of half of Jinnah's Pakistan— end of story. Originally, it was thought that the Government of Pakistan had declassified the Report in and was made it available to the public as public domain whereas it was free to download on the internet. However, it was reported to be a "Supplementary Report" which was created after the prisoners of war returned after two years. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the final report issued by the Hamoodur Rahman Commission.