Redistributions of source code XML DocBook must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer as the first lines of this file unmodified. Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Like everything else about FreeBSD, it is primarily a volunteer effort. It is important to keep this in mind when reading this document. In FreeBSD, anyone may submit a new port, or volunteer to maintain an existing unmaintained port. No special commit privilege is needed.
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Welcome to FreeBSD! This handbook covers the installation and day to day use of FreeBSD 4. This manual is a work in progress and is the work of many individuals. Many sections do not yet exist and some of those that do exist need to be updated. If you are interested in helping with this project, send email to the FreeBSD documentation project mailing list.
The latest version of this document is always available from the FreeBSD web site. It may also be downloaded in a variety of formats and compression options from the FreeBSD FTP server or one of the numerous mirror sites. You may also want to search the handbook. Redistributions of source code SGML DocBook must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer as the first lines of this file unmodified.
The FreeBSD newcomer will find that the first section of this book guides the user through the FreeBSD installation process, and gently introduces the concepts and conventions that underpin Unix. Working through this section requires little more than the desire to explore, and the ability to take on board new concepts as they are introduced.
Once you have travelled this far, the second, far larger, section of the Handbook is a comprehensive reference to all manner of topics of interest to FreeBSD system administrators.
Some of these chapters may recommend that you do some prior reading, and this is noted in the synopsis at the beginning of each chapter. For a list of additional sources of information, please see Appendix B.
This second edition is the culmination of over two years of work by the dedicated members of the FreeBSD Documentation Project. The following are the major changes in this new edition:. A standard synopsis has been added to each chapter to give a quick summary of what information the chapter contains, and what the reader is expected to know.
We feel that the topics are easier to comprehend when presented as a single chapter. A section on RAID both hardware and software has also been added.
This book is split into three logically distinct sections. It is expected that the reader will follow these chapters in sequence, possibly skipping chapters covering familiar topics.
The second section, System Administration , covers a broad collection of subjects that are of interest to more advanced FreeBSD users. Each section begins with a succinct synopsis that describes what the chapter covers and what the reader is expected to already know.
This is meant to allow the casual reader to skip around to find chapters of interest. The third section contains appendices of reference information. Introduces FreeBSD to a new user. Walks a user through the entire installation process.
Some advanced installation topics, such as installing through a serial console, are also covered. Covers the basic commands and functionality of the FreeBSD operating system.
If you are familiar with Linux or another flavor of Unix then you can probably skip this chapter. Describes the parameters available for system administrators to tune a FreeBSD system for optimum performance. Also describes the various configuration files used in FreeBSD and where to find them. Describes the FreeBSD boot process and explains how to control this process with configuration options.
Describes the creation and manipulation of user accounts. Also discusses resource limitations that can be set on users and other account management tasks.
Explains why you might need to configure a new kernel and provides detailed instructions for configuring, building, and installing a custom kernel. Describes managing printers on FreeBSD, including information about banner pages, printer accounting, and initial setup. Describes how to manage storage media and filesystems with FreeBSD. This includes physical disks, RAID arrays, optical and tape media, memory-backed disks, and network filesystems. Covers both system and application level localization.
Lists some common desktop applications, such as web browsers and productivity suites, and describes how to install them on FreeBSD. Shows how to setup sound and video playback support for your system. Also describes some sample audio and video applications. Explains how to connect terminals and modems to your FreeBSD system for both dial in and dial out connections.
Describes many networking topics, including sharing an Internet connection with other computers on your LAN, using network filesystems, sharing account information via NIS, setting up a name server, and much more.
Explains the different components of an email server and dives into simple configuration topics for the most popular mail server software: sendmail. Describes which users would benefit from tracking a development system and outlines that process. This book touches on many different subjects that may leave you hungry for a more detailed explanation. The bibliography lists many excellent books that are referenced in the text.
To provide a consistent and easy to read text, several conventions are followed throughout the book. An italic font is used for filenames, URLs, emphasized text, and the first usage of technical terms. A monospaced font is used for error messages, commands, environment variables, names of ports, hostnames, user names, group names, device names, variables, and code fragments. A bold font is used for applications, commands, and keys. Keys are rendered in bold to stand out from other text.
Would mean that the user is expected to type the Ctrl and X keys simultaneously and then to type the Ctrl and S keys simultaneously. Examples starting with indicate a command that must be invoked as the superuser in FreeBSD.
You can login as root to type the command, or login as your normal account and use su 1 to gain superuser privileges. Unless otherwise noted, C-shell syntax is used for setting environment variables and other shell commands.
The book you are holding represents the efforts of many hundreds of people around the world. Whether they sent in fixes for typos, or submitted complete chapters, all the contributions have been useful. Several companies have supported the development of this document by paying authors to work on it full-time, paying for publication, etc. Wind River Systems then paid several additional authors to make a number of improvements to the print-output infrastructure and to add additional chapters to the text.
This work culminated in the publication of the second printed edition in November ISBN These chapters:. Show you how to install the wealth of third party applications available for FreeBSD. Introduce you to X, the Unix windowing system, and detail how to configure a desktop environment that makes you more productive. We have tried to keep the number of forward references in the text to a minimum so that you can read this section of the Handbook from front to back with the minimum of page flipping required.
Thank you for your interest in FreeBSD! The following chapter covers various aspects of the FreeBSD Project, such as its history, goals, development model, and so on. FreeBSD is a 4. Ports to other architectures are also underway.
For a brief overview of FreeBSD, see the next section. You can also read about the history of FreeBSD , or the current release. If you are interested in contributing something to the Project code, hardware, unmarked bills , see the Contributing to FreeBSD article. Preemptive multitasking with dynamic priority adjustment to ensure smooth and fair sharing of the computer between applications and users, even under the heaviest of loads.
Multi-user facilities which allow many people to use a FreeBSD system simultaneously for a variety of things. This means, for example, that system peripherals such as printers and tape drives are properly shared between all users on the system or the network and that individual resource limits can be placed on users or groups of users, protecting critical system resources from over-use.
This means that your FreeBSD machine can interoperate easily with other systems as well as act as an enterprise server, providing vital functions such as NFS remote file access and email services or putting your organization on the Internet with WWW, FTP, routing and firewall security services. Memory protection ensures that applications or users cannot interfere with each other. One application crashing will not affect others in any way.
FreeBSD is a bit operating system bit on the Alpha and was designed as such from the ground up. Thousands of ready-to-run applications are available from the FreeBSD ports and packages collection.
Why search the net when you can find it all right here? Thousands of additional and easy-to-port applications are available on the Internet. FreeBSD is source code compatible with most popular commercial Unix systems and thus most applications require few, if any, changes to compile.
Many additional languages for advanced research and development are also available in the ports and packages collection. Source code for the entire system means you have the greatest degree of control over your environment. Why be locked into a proprietary solution at the mercy of your vendor when you can have a truly open system? Extensive online documentation. FreeBSD is based on the 4. In addition to the fine work provided by CSRG, the FreeBSD Project has put in many thousands of hours in fine tuning the system for maximum performance and reliability in real-life load situations.
As many of the commercial giants struggle to field PC operating systems with such features, performance and reliability, FreeBSD can offer them now!
The applications to which FreeBSD can be put are truly limited only by your own imagination. From software development to factory automation, inventory control to azimuth correction of remote satellite antennae; if it can be done with a commercial Unix product then it is more than likely that you can do it with FreeBSD too!
FreeBSD also benefits significantly from literally thousands of high quality applications developed by research centers and universities around the world, often available at little to no cost. Commercial applications are also available and appearing in greater numbers every day. Because the source code for FreeBSD itself is generally available, the system can also be customized to an almost unheard of degree for special applications or projects, and in ways not generally possible with operating systems from most major commercial vendors.
Here is just a sampling of some of the applications in which people are currently using FreeBSD:. Education: Are you a student of computer science or a related engineering field?
FreeBSD Manual Pages
Redistributions of source code XML DocBook must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer as the first lines of this file unmodified. Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Welcome to the Developers' Handbook. This manual is a work in progress and is the work of many individuals.
FreeBSD 7.2-RELEASE Announcement
Some of the highlights:. For a complete list of new features and known problems, please see the online release notes and errata list, available at:. FreeBSD 7. While some of the smaller FTP mirrors may not carry all architectures, they will all generally contain the more common ones, such as i and amd This contains everything necessary to install the base FreeBSD operating system, a collection of pre-built packages, and the documentation. It also supports booting into a "livefs" based rescue mode.
I. Getting Started
Redistributions of source code XML DocBook must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer as the first lines of this file unmodified. Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Welcome to FreeBSD! This handbook covers the installation and day to day use of FreeBSD This book is the result of ongoing work by many individuals.
Welcome to FreeBSD! This handbook covers the installation and day to day use of FreeBSD 5. This manual is a work in progress and is the work of many individuals. Many sections do not yet exist and some of those that do exist need to be updated. If you are interested in helping with this project, send email to the FreeBSD documentation project mailing list.