The Parliamentary Standing Committee on finance has questioned the government's move to introduce a right to food bill when it did not have a single, widely-accepted definition of the poor. This will be the first time that an election is going to be fought on Gorkha issues, and not Gorkhaland. So, Modi and his ministers not only had to run the government, but in order to do so they also needed to deeply restructure and reform it. BJP today said the Planning Commission data showing a fall in the number of people living below the poverty line was a "conspiracy".
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Arjun Sengupta was born in Kolkata in After finishing his schooling at Mitra Institution in Bhawanipur , Kolkata, he graduated from the Presidency College, then affiliated with the University of Calcutta. At Presidency College, he was a member of the All-India Students' Federation, a radical student organisation affiliated with the Communist Party of India , then undivided.
Sengupta died of prostate cancer , which was first diagnosed in The United Nations Human Rights Council observed a moment of silence for Sengupta on 27 September  and the Rajya Sabha was adjourned on 9 November , as a mark of respect to him. Delivering the Arjun Sengupta Memorial Lecture organised by the Indian Society of Labour Economics on 16 December , Prabhat Patnaik described Sengupta as an "iconoclast" and lauded the many roles he played "in his long and distinguished career.
On 26 March , Sengupta was honoured posthumously by the Government of Bangladesh for his contribution to the Bangladesh Liberation War. Arjun Sengupta joined the Government of India in the early s, assisting top policymakers such as P.
Dhar and Sukhomoy Chakravarty build an alliance with the nascent state of Bangladesh. In his stint at the Prime Minister's Office in the early s, Sengupta was reportedly unhappy about India's loan from the International Monetary Fund IMF , and wanted more to be done for agriculture and small farmers.
At this time, he also steered two important groups: the Narsimham Committee, which created the architecture of disbanding quantitative controls and replacing them with tariff and fiscal steps, and also the Sengupta Committee on public sector reform.
Sengupta was a proponent of the need for an arms-length relationship with the political authority in public sector units PSUs. However, while Sengupta was a market reformer, his vision was different than what was in currency at the time in the international financial institutions.
According to veteran journalist Rajesh Mahapatra, Mukherjee had become the rallying point for those in the Congress party that were critical of the market reform policies of then Finance Minister, Manmohan Singh. With this act, Mahapatra said, "Sengupta ended up on the wrong side of history. The finance ministry prevailed over Prime Minister Narasimha Rao to stop the mid-term appraisal from being printed in its original form. Montek Singh Ahluwalia in According to Guha Thakurta, Sengupta's critical stance towards "the neo-liberal school of economic thought subscribed to by Manmohan Singh" and refusal to "cultivate political godfathers" meant that he would be "one Finance Minister India never had.
Upon his death, various published tributes to Dr. Arjun Sengupta indicated that his most significant contribution was the final report he produced as the head of the National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector NCEUS , a cabinet-rank position that he held from — The report also revealed that the vast majority of India's 'Poor and Vulnerable' are Muslim or lower caste, and thus in addition to poverty, also suffer from social discrimination.
According to the report: "These groups emerge as a sort of a coalition of socially discriminated, educationally deprived and economically destitute" while "less than one fourth" of India's population is enjoying the fruits of high economic growth. Critical of existing government policy, the NCEUS pointed out that although enormous funds had been allocated and spent on social development programs, the benefits largely bypassed the poorest of the poor.
It suggested designing special schemes for the vulnerable sections of Indian society through better targeting and social engineering. The commission's recommendations on social security resulted in the enactment of the Unorganized Workers Social Security Act, Recalling Dr. Sengupta's contribution to identifying the cross-linkages between extreme poverty and the downtrodden, C.
Rangarajan , Chairman of the Prime Minister's Economic Advisory Council, said: "He had a good understanding of social problems and was deeply involved in finding solutions for people at the bottom of the population pile. He produced six reports on the Right to development between and These reports elaborated on the 'Declaration of the Right to Development' adopted by the UN in the US cast the lone dissenting vote.
He also wrote a number of academic papers on the subject, and with the support of Harvard University, implemented two large projects in South Asia. In his subsequent role as the UN's Independent Expert on Human Rights and Extreme Poverty, he wrote as many as six reports, including a mission report on extreme poverty in the United States. According to Ravi Srivastava, Professor of Economics and Jawaharlal Nehru University , "Sengupta's contributions to the right to development constitute Sengupta argued that the enforceability of collective rights via the implementation of development programs was possible even without their being converted into legal rights though he recognised that justiciability did remain a superior course of action.
The right to development was linked to a path of development in which national governments were obliged to ensure that human rights were progressively realised. But international organisations were also seen as having an important role. In a seminal article published in India's Economic and Political Weekly in , Sengupta argued that: "When development is seen as a human right, it obligates the authorities, both nationally and internationally, to fulfill their duties in delivering or in human rights language, promoting, securing, and protecting that right in a country.
The adoption of appropriate policies follows from that obligation. Nationally, the government must do everything, or must be seen as doing everything to fulfill the claims of a human right. If the right to food, education, health are regarded as components of a human right to development, the state has to accept the primary responsibility of delivering the right either on its own or in collaboration with others.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Arjun Sengupta. Business Standard India. Retrieved 13 August The Pioneer. Archived from the original on 14 June Retrieved Archived from the original on 28 September Retrieved 12 November Thaindian News. The Hindu. Archived from the original on 11 March Archived from the original on 2 October Archived from the original PDF on 21 July Archived from the original on 21 July Retrieved 15 December Hindustan Times. Rochester, NY. Archived from the original on 3 March Retrieved 17 December Reflections on the Right To Development.
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Skip to main content. Human Rights and Extreme Poverty Vol. Special Articles. Arjun Sengupta.
ARJUN SENGUPTA COMMITTEE
An overwhelming million people in India live on a per capita consumption of less than Rs 20 a day, according to the findings of the Arjun Sengupta report on the Conditions of Work and Promotion of Livelihood in the Unorganised Sector. The report is based on government data for the period between and While the numbers rose by a staggering million, the numbers of the new rich has also grown by 93 million. So, who are the ones who have actually benefitted from the boom in the economic growth of the country?
Arjun Kumar Sengupta
The former chairman of the Prime Minister's Economic Advisory Council explained why his numbers are more credible in an interview with ET. Miscommunication has led to people not realising that new poverty estimates count more Indians as poor. Debate on headcount of India's families living below poverty line is expected to be settled once the Planning Commission gives its report in a month, Food and Agriculture Minister Sharad Pawar said on Friday. So, Modi and his ministers not only had to run the government, but in order to do so they also needed to deeply restructure and reform it. The National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector NCEUS has proposed a Rs crore 'Growth Pole scheme' for six pilot projects selected initially, focusing dominantly on the unorganized sector in select states for overall improvement of the sector.
Poverty becomes cruel joke with planning panel's Rs 32 a day idea
Arjun Sengupta was born in Kolkata in After finishing his schooling at Mitra Institution in Bhawanipur , Kolkata, he graduated from the Presidency College, then affiliated with the University of Calcutta. At Presidency College, he was a member of the All-India Students' Federation, a radical student organisation affiliated with the Communist Party of India , then undivided. Sengupta died of prostate cancer , which was first diagnosed in The United Nations Human Rights Council observed a moment of silence for Sengupta on 27 September  and the Rajya Sabha was adjourned on 9 November , as a mark of respect to him. Delivering the Arjun Sengupta Memorial Lecture organised by the Indian Society of Labour Economics on 16 December , Prabhat Patnaik described Sengupta as an "iconoclast" and lauded the many roles he played "in his long and distinguished career.