It has 2 sub-books and chapters. Sometimes this parva is referred to as the "Book of Precepts". Variouschapters of Anushasana parva recite the duties and rights of women. The goddessof prosperity Lakshmi asserts, in the verses of Chapter 11, that she lives inthose women who are truthful, sincere, modest, organized, devoted to theirhusband and children, health conscious, patient and kind to guests. Thegoddess asserts she does not reside in woman who is sinful, unclean, alwaysdisagreeing with her husband, has no patience or fortitude, is lazy,quarrelsome with her neighbors and relatives. InChapter , Anusasana parva repeats these duties for women through the tale ofSandili, suggesting that a woman should have reverence for her family andhusband, that human relationships are a form of worship.
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The English translation of the Mahabharata: one of the two major Sanskrit epics of India. Besides its epic narrative of the Kurukshetra War and the fates of the Kaurava and the Pandava princes, the Mahabharata contains philosophical and devotional material, such as a discussion of the four "goals of life". Maharaja Yudhisthira then began to rule the kingdom under the direction of the twice born brahmanas.
After the coronation ceremony had been completed, King Yudhisthira approached Lord Krishna and offered the following prayers, Through Your grace, O Krishna, I have received this ancestral kingdom. O foremost of the Yadus , O lotus-eyed Lord, I repeatedly offer my humble obeisances unto you. You have been glorified as the Supreme Lord, one without a second.
The great sages and brahmanas know You by many names. Obeisances unto You, O Creator of the world. You are the soul of all universes, and You are the support of this manifest creation. You are Vishnu , Hari and Krishna. You are the Lord of Vaikuntha and the foremost of all beings.
Another of Your names, O Lord, is Triyuga. You are the Lord of the senses and are, therefore, known as Hrishikesha. You are the great swan, Hamsa Avatara ; the boar, Varaha ; and the half man, half lion, Nrisimhadeva.
You are the sun, the moon and the firmament. You are the chief of the celestials, Indra , and You are the beginning, the middle and the end of all creation. You are the Supersoul in the heart of every living being. Hearing the pure glorification by King Yudhisthira, Lord Krishna smiled.
That smile captivated the hearts of all present. The lotus eyed Lord then conversed with His pure devotee, gladdening the pious King's heart. Emperor Yudhisthira then instructed his brothers, Your bodies have been scorched by the weapons of the enemy. You are greatly fatigued and need sufficient rest. Go to the palaces assigned to each of you and begin to enjoy this opulent kingdom. With the permission of the King, Maharaja Bhima then entered the palace that was once the home of Duryodhana.
It was very opulent and was filled with male and female servants. Arjuna then entered the palace that formerly belonged to Duhshasana. This palace had a gateway that was made of solid gold. Lord Krishna and Satyaki also took up their residence in that opulent palace. Nakula and Sahadeva then entered the palaces that formerly belonged to Durmashana and Durmukha. These palaces vied in opulence with the abodes of Kuvera. After resting the night, King Yudhisthira came to Arjuna's palace and greeted Lord Krishna and his brother.
In King Yudhisthira's presence, Lord Krishna began to glorify Grandfather Bhishma , That foremost descendent of the Kuru race, Bhishma, is lying on a bed of arrows about to pass away. He is always thinking of Me. Because of this, My mind is also fixed on him. The sound of his bowstring and the slap of his palms, even Indra was unable to bear.
I can remember how he vanquished all the great Kings at the svayamvara ceremony of the princesses of Kashi. I am thinking of him who fought with his martial guru for twenty three days continuously.
Parashurama was unable to subdue him. I am thinking of him who took his birth as the son of Ganga. He became the intimate student of Vashistha Muni , and because of this, he is the veritable abode of the four Vedas and their branches. There is nothing that is not known to him.
O Yudhisthira, I think that at this time you should approach him and inquire about anything that you wish to know. Time is short. When the sun set its course in the northern regions, the son of Ganga will leave his body and attain to the higher regions. Before that happens, you should approach him and question him concerning the rulership of this kingdom.
At that time Maharaja Bhishma was surrounded by the foremost of the sages and rishis. By his side was Vyasadeva and Narada Muni. Stretched out on a bed of arrows, that tiger among men was in rapt concentration on the transcendental form of the Lord.
He was glorifying the Lord with a cheerful and strong voice. O Krishna, Maharaja Bhishma prayed, O foremost of all beings, be pleased with my words praising Your glories. My Lord You are the only transcendent reality. You are the Supreme Lord, and I seek Your refuge with all my heart.
O Lord of all creatures, You are without beginning and without end. You glories cannot be enumerated. Not even the great sages and rishis can know You fully. All the worlds and all created beings have their abode in You. Like jewels strung together on a thread, all things that have attributes reside in thee. You are called Hari, having a thousand hands, a thousand feet, a thousand eyes and a thousand crowns.
Thou art called Narayana because You are the resting place of all living beings. In all the Vedas, You are referred to as the Supreme Being of irresistible force. You are the Lord of those that are bound to You in faith and devotion. You have been born from Devaki and Vasudeva as fire is generated from two sticks. For one's eternal salvation, the devout worshipper, with mind withdrawn from all material objects, beholds You, O Govinda , in the core of the heart.
O Lord of all creatures, I place myself in Your hands. You are the greatest of all beings, and therefore, I adore thee. O my Lord, You are the panacea for all sorrow.
Assuming the form of a boar, whose limbs were constituted by sacrifice, You raised the earth after it had been submerged in the waters of devastation. Obeisances to You, My Lord, in Your form as all devouring time. The brahmanas are Your mouth, the kshatriyas are Your arms, the vaishyas are your belly and the shudras are Your legs.
Fire constitutes Your mouth. The heavens are the crown on Your head. The sky in Your navel, and the earth is Your feet. The sun and moon are Your eyes, and the different directions are Your ears. Although You are without origin, You are the origin of this universe.
The two syllables Hari constitute the sum and substance of the sojourn through the wilderness of life. Your holy name is the medicine that cures all worldly attachment. As truth is full of Vishnu, as the universe is full of Vishnu, as everything is full of Vishnu, so let my soul be full of Vishnu and my sins destroyed.
I seek Your protection, O lotus eyed Lord. Bhishma then became silent and the rishis and sages uttered words of praise for the dying Bhishma.
At this time the Pandavas arrived at the field of Kurukshetra. They saw mountains of charred bodies scattered here and there, which were the funeral pyres of the slain warriors. The bones of the horses, elephants and human beings lay piled up like mountains. As they proceeded further, they came upon the grandsire laying on a bed of arrows, like a fallen demigod.
He was surrounded by many sages, and because his consciousness was fixed on Lord Krishna, he appeared very effulgent. The Pandavas and Lord Krishna descended from their chariots. They offered obeisances unto the great sages present and unto their fallen grandfather. Lord Krishna stood at the feet of Bhishmadeva. The sons of Maharaja Pandu were sitting silently, overcome with affection for their dying grandfather.
Seeing this, Bhishmadeva congratulated them with feeling. There were tears of ecstasy in his eyes, for he was overwhelmed by love and affection. Grandfather Bhishma exclaimed, Oh, what sufferings and injustices you good souls suffered for being the sons of religion personified.
You did not deserve to remain alive under those tribulations, yet you were protected by the brahmanas, Lord Krishna and religion. My daughter-in-law Kunti , upon the great King Pandu's death, became a widow with many children, and therefore she suffered greatly.
And when you were grown up she suffered a great deal more because of Duryodhana's actions. In my opinion, this is all due to inevitable time, under whose control everyone in every planet is carried, just as the clouds are carried by the wind. O how wonderful is the influence of inevitable time.
O King, no one can know the plan of Lord Sri Krishna. Even though great philosophers inquire exhaustively, they are bewildered. O best among the descendants of Bharata , I maintain, therefore, that all this is within the plan of the Lord.
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The Mahabharata Book 13 Anushasana Parva
It traditionally has 2 sub-books and chapters. Anushasana Parva continues the theme of Shanti Parva , a discussion of duties of a ruler, the rule of law, instructions on dharma for those close to the leader. The dialogue is between Yudhishthira , Bhishma and other sages. The book debates the duties, behaviors and habits of individuals, with chapters dedicated to men and to women. Various types of marriages are mentioned and their merits compared. The parva also recites many symbolic tales and legends such as the legend of Nachiketa , as well as the death and last rites of Bhishma, the eldest member of the Kuru family. This is a controversial book in the Mahabharata.