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To view or print the entire Turkish Chapter in English, as a single document click here. If you do not have Adobe Acrobat Reader, download it here for free. Will I recover from a hepatitis B infection? Most healthy adults who are newly infected will recover without any problems. But babies and young children may not be able to successfully get rid of the virus. What is the difference between an "acute" and a "chronic" hepatitis B infection?
This is the average amount of time it takes to recover from a hepatitis B infection. Will I become sick if I have acute hepatitis B?
Most people feel healthy and do not know they have been infected, which means they can unknowingly pass the virus on to others. Other people may have mild symptoms such as fever, fatigue, joint or muscle pain, or loss of appetite that are mistaken for the flu.
How will I know when I have recovered from an "acute" hepatitis B infection? What should I do if I am diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B? If you test positive for the hepatitis B virus for longer than 6 months, this indicates that you have a chronic hepatitis B infection. You should make an appointment with a hepatologist liver specialist , gastroenterologist, or family doctor who is familiar with hepatitis B.
The doctor will order blood tests and possibly a liver ultrasound to evaluate how active the hepatitis B virus is in your body, and to monitor the health of your liver.
Your doctor will probably want to see you at least once or twice a year to monitor your hepatitis B and determine if you would benefit from treatment. All chronically infected people should be seen by their doctor at least once a year or more frequently for regular medical follow-up care, whether they start treatment or not.
Even if the virus is in a less active phase with little or no damage occurring, this can change with time, which is why regular monitoring is so important. Most people chronically infected with hepatitis B can expect to live long, healthy lives. Once you are diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B, the virus may stay in your blood and liver for a lifetime.
What tests will be used to monitor my hepatitis B? Is there a cure for chronic hepatitis B? Right now, there is no cure for chronic hepatitis B, but the good news is there are treatments that can help slow the progression of liver disease in chronically infected persons by slowing down the virus. If there is less hepatitis B virus being produced, then there is less damage being done to the liver.
Sometimes these drugs can even get rid of the virus, although this is not common. With all of the new exciting research, there is great hope that a cure will be found for chronic hepatitis B in the near future. Visit our Drug Watch for a list of other promising drugs in development. Are there any approved drugs to treat chronic hepatitis B? Current treatments for hepatitis B fall into two general categories, antivirals and immune modulators:. Antiviral Drugs - These are drugs that slow down or stop the hepatitis B virus, which reduces the inflammation and damage to the liver.
These are taken as a pill once a day for at least 1 year, usually longer. There are 6 U. First-line antivirals are recommended because they are safer and most effective.
They also have a better resistance profile than older antivirals, which means that when they are taken as prescribed, there is less chance of mutation and resistance. Building resistance makes it harder to treat and control the virus. Immunomodulator Drugs - These are drugs that boost the immune system to help control the hepatitis B virus.
They are given as injections over 6 months to 1 year. The most commonly prescribed include interferon alfa-2b Intron A and pegylated interferon Pegasys.
This is the only recommended treatment for patients coinfected with hepatitis delta. Although they do not provide a complete cure, current medications will slow down the virus and decrease the risk of more serious liver disease later in life. This results in patients feeling better within a few months because liver damage from the virus is slowed down, or even reversed in some cases, when taken long-term.
Antivirals are not meant to be stopped and started, which is why a thorough evaluation by a knowledgeable doctor is so important before beginning treatment for chronic HBV. If I have a chronic hepatitis B infection, should I be on medication? It is important to understand that not every person with chronic hepatitis B needs to be on medication. You should talk to your doctor about whether you are a good candidate for drug therapy. Whether you and your doctor decide you should start treatment or not, you should be seen regularly by a liver specialist or a doctor knowledgeable about hepatitis B.
Is it safe to take herbal remedies or supplements for my hepatitis B infection? Many people are interested in using herbal remedies or supplements to boost their immune systems and help their livers. The problem is that there is no regulation of companies manufacturing these products, which means there is no rigorous testing for safety or purity. So, the quality of the herbal remedy or vitamin supplement may be different from bottle to bottle. Also, some herbal remedies could interfere with your prescription drugs for hepatitis B or other conditions; some can even actually damage your liver.
These herbal remedies will not cure a chronic hepatitis B infection. There are many companies that make false promises on the Internet and through social media about their products. Online claims and patient testimonials on Facebook are fake and are used to trick people into buying expensive herbal remedies and supplements.
Below are reliable sources of information about herbs and alternative medicines. This information is based on scientific evidence, not false promises. Check whether the active ingredients in your herbal remedies or supplements are real and safe for your liver. The most important thing is to protect your liver from any additional injury or harm.
What healthy liver tips are there for those living with chronic hepatitis B? People living with chronic hepatitis B infection may or may not need drug treatment. But there are many other things patients can do to protect their liver and improve their health.
Below is our list of the top 10 healthy choices that can be started today! Mold is more likely to be a problem if food is stored in damp conditions and not properly sealed. Keep in mind everything you eat, drink, breathe, or absorb through the skin is eventually filtered by the liver.
So, protect your liver and your health! Can I donate blood if I have hepatitis B? The blood bank will not accept any blood that has been exposed to hepatitis B, even if you have recovered from an acute infection. What Is Hepatitis B? Turkce pdf If you do not have Adobe Acrobat Reader, download it here for free. Current treatments for hepatitis B fall into two general categories, antivirals and immune modulators: Antiviral Drugs - These are drugs that slow down or stop the hepatitis B virus, which reduces the inflammation and damage to the liver.
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Akut Viral Hepatit A