Descubra todo lo que Scribd tiene para ofrecer, incluyendo libros y audiolibros de importantes editoriales. Put the cake on the table. With cardinal points: the North, the South, the East, the West. The name of a ship, boat, craft: ,,The Transylvania was an old ship. Paper names: ,,The Times is a well-known paper.

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Descubra todo lo que Scribd tiene para ofrecer, incluyendo libros y audiolibros de importantes editoriales. Put the cake on the table. With cardinal points: the North, the South, the East, the West. The name of a ship, boat, craft: ,,The Transylvania was an old ship. Paper names: ,,The Times is a well-known paper. A unique noun: the Sun, the Moon, the Earth. An adjective, transformed into a noun: the rich, the poor, the blind, the young, the old, the sick.

A noun which depicts an abstract notion: the good, the beautiful. Musical instruments: She plays the piano. Adjectives in the superlative: She is the most intelligent girl in our class. Ordinal numerals: Give me the first book on the desk. We use ,,an when the noun begins with a vowel: an apple, an elephant, an egg, an orange. It is wrong to say: A children want to go home. Exceptions of usage: - we use ,,a instead of ,,an before ,,u when we pronounce the ,,u like an ,,y: a uniform not an uniform - we use ,,an instead of ,,a before ,,h when ,,h is a silent consonant: an hour not a hour We use the Indefinite Article: a When the noun is mentioned for the first time: Take a pen.

Jones called while you were out. Jobs, professions: I am a teacher. Titles: ,,An American-Spanish Dictionary Certain numbers and expressions of quantity: a dozen, a hundred, a thousand, a lot of, a few, a little with a positive meaning: Ive got a little ink. I can give you some. English is easy. Black is my favorite color. Observation: We must mention that this category refers especially to professions.

It has no neuter gender, only masculine and feminine. Observation: For the nouns that describe an animal, we can have the neuter gender if we dont know its gender. They are ending in ,,-o: tomato-tomatoes, potato-potatoes [ Exception: If the nouns have foreign origins, we add ,,-s instead of ,,-es: piano it. Exception: The rule above does not apply for: chef-chefs, roof-roofs, cliff-cliffs, handkerchief-handkerchiefs.

The tea is very hot b Abstract nouns: advice, love, death, strength, work, knowledge, information. Mathematics is my favorite subject d Games ending in ,,-s: billiards, cards, marbles, ninepins. Biliards is my favorite sport e Diseas ending in ,,-s: mumps, measles. Mumps gives you an awful pain in the neck e Nouns such as: weather, luggage, furniture, money, news. My spectacles are on my nose b Nouns which have a plural meaning: clothes, goods, people, police, stairs, riches, earrings,, thanks.

Uncountable nouns are nouns that cant be counted. The Saxon Genitive is is used especially for persons and livings animals, birds etc. It is used especially for things, rarely for persons and livings. Observation: We dont use a noun and a pronoun together: My cat its under the chair wrong! Possessive pronouns do not go before nouns: This is her jacket. Its hers. Sometimes possessive pronouns go at the beginning of a sentence: Yours is more beautiful.

They enjoy themselves at the party. Reflexive pronouns can be used after be, feel, look, seem to describe emotions or states: She doesnt look herself these days. Emphatic pronouns have the same form as reflexive pronouns but a different meaning. They emphasise the noun or the fact that one person, and not another, performs an action: He himself did the whole job.

He did the whole job himself. They go after nouns, pronouns, at the end of a sentence, or after but and than: You should count on no one but yourself. They have the same form in both singular and the plural form. The red pencils are on the table. Observation: Adjectives can also be used without a noun after certain verbs appear, be, become, feel, seem, smell, taste, look etc. She looks happy. The cake smells good. The adjectives: afraid, alone, alive, awake, asleep, glad etc. Some nouns can be used as adjectives if they go before another noun.

Of two syllables. Comparative shorter than bigger than larger than heavier than shallower than more special than more attractive than. When a one syllable adjective ends in a consonant, we double the final consonant: hot hotter the hottest; big bigger the biggest; fat fatter the fattest.

Observation: We can use the intensifiers much, a lot, far to make the comparative stronger: much more important. Adverbs normally describe verbs, adjectives or other adverbs. Observation: There are also sentence adverbs certainly, surely, probably, possibly etc. Observation: The adverb of ,,good is ,,well. Observation: Some adverbs are the same as their adjectives:daily, early, fast, hard, late, monthly, easy, low etc.

The scientist was deeply respected. Children travel free on buses. He works hard. The pilot flew high above the clouds. They arrived late. I live near the school. The film was pretty awful. He threw the ball wide.

He spoke freely about his past. I hardly see him. She is highly regarded by her employers. Order of Adverbs Adverbs can go in front, mid or end position in a sentence. Finally, he will probably start working here next week. Adverbs of frequency often, usually, never, ever, regularly, barely, seldom, scarcely, rarely, sometimes etc.

He is always telling lies! Observation: In short answers, the adverbs of frequency go before the auxiliary verb: Yes, he always is. Observation: Used to and have to take the adverb of frequency before them: He always used to drink tea in the morning. Observation: For reasons of emphasis the adverb of frequency can also go at the beginning or at the end of the sentence: Sometimes I play basketball.

I make that cake occasionally. Adverbs of time usually go at the end of the sentence They went to the hospital yesterday. If we want to put emphasis on the time we use them at the beginning of the sentence Yesterday they went to hospital. Short time adverbs such as: soon, now, still, then etc. The adverbs already. Sentence adverbs: probably, certainly, possibly, clearly, fortunately, luckily, maybe, perhaps, of course etc.

He probably believed you. He believed you probably. Observation: In negation certainly, possibly and probably go before the auxiliary: He probably didnt believe you. Adverbs of degree absolutely, just, totally, very, completely, extremely, a lot, really, terribly, much, awfully, rather, quite, fairly, pretty, a little, a bit, slightly, enough, too etc.

Most of these adverbs can also go before a main verb or after an auxiliary verb. I cant quite understand it. The adverbs a lot, much, a little, a bit, awfully, terribly, absolutely, completely, totally go in mid or end position.

The train was a little delayed. The train was delayed a little. Adverbs of manner beautifully, badly, eagerly etc. Adverbs of manner can also go in mid position: She looked angrily at me. Observation: When there is more than one adverb in a sentence, their order is manner-place-time. However, when there is a verb of movement go, run, leave etc.

Grid 1. Regular Comparative and Superlative Forms Birds fly. There he goes!


„Functions of a stock exchange“

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