This is since Eemaan cannot do without certain knowledge Ilm al-Yaqeen , as opposed to suspicious knowledge Ilm al-Thann , and what would be the case if doubt entered Eemaan? They are the truthful. As for uncertainty then that comes from the Munafiqeen hypocrites — and we seek refuge with Allaah. There is no servant of Allaah who meets Allaah with these two testifications, not doubting in them, except that he enters Paradise.
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Palestinian Boy. Every Muslim knows that the key to Paradise is the statement, "There is none worthy of worship except Allah. They think they will be granted Paradise because of this mere verbal statement of the Shahadah. There is no question that the mere saying of," I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger," is not sufficient for salvation.
In fact, the hypocrites used to make this statement quite often yet Allah describes them as liars and says that they shall abide in the lowest abyss of the Hell-fire. As many scholars state, though, this statement or testimony is the key to Paradise.
The famous follower Wahb ibn Munabbih was once asked, " Isn't the statement of la ilaha illa Allah the key to Paradise? If you come with the key that has the right ridges, the door will open for you.
Yet if you do not have the right ridges the door will not open for you. These conditions are what will differentiate the person who will benefit from his making of that statement from the one who will not benefit from that statement, no matter how many times a day he may have made that statement. Before discussing the conditions of the shahadah , there is one more point that I feel compelled to make.
That is, some people have a tendency to take one Hadith or one verse and then based on that one text, they will make some conclusion that, for example, whoever simply says," There is no God except Allah," will enter Paradise.
But, actually, we should all realise that all of the Qur'an and hadith complement each other and explain one another. To find the correct position on any one question, one must bring together all of the related verses and hadith and see what the true Islamic position is of that question. The same is true for the conditions of the shahadah.
If we study the verses of the Qur'an and the hadith of the Prophet, upon whom be peace , we will find that the conditions of the shahadah are seven, eight or nine in number depending on how we look at them. It is important that all of us make sure that we are meeting these conditions in our own lives and in our own testimony of faith.
We must do our best to satisfy these conditions before it is too late and our testimony will be of no avail whatsoever. It is not simply for the sake of teaching these conditions, indeed there is no benefit to that. But it is, instead, for all of us to look to ourselves and to make sure that we are actually meeting these conditions so that, by Allah's mercy, the doors to Paradise will be open for us by our key of la ilaha illa Allah. That is, one must have the basic and general knowledge of what is meant by the shahadah.
One must understand what the shahadah is affirming and what the shahadah is denying. Allah says in the Qur'an :. Similarly, the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, "Whoever dies knowing that there is no one worthy of worship except Allah shall enter Paradise" [Recorded by Muslim]. In fact, the shahadah itself is a testimony. When one testifies to something, one must know what it is that he is testifying concerns.
Obviously, a testimony about something that one does not have any knowledge about is absolutely unacceptable.
Now this condition probably sounds obvious; if someone said to you, "There is no God except Allah," and then said that what he meant by Allah was Jesus, you would immediately tell him that this shahadah is nonsense.
Yet can you imagine that there is a Muslim country in the world that until recently used to have a yearly week-long celebration to "the Gods of the Sea"!
All along they call themselves Muslims and they make the shahadah numerous times a day. This clearly shows that they have no idea what the meaning of their shahadah is. Do you think that this kind of shahadah will open the doors to Paradise for them? Today, there are many Muslims who wonder why we should not accept secularism. They think that there is nothing wrong with secularism! Many of these Muslims pray five times a day and utter the shahadah repeatedly.
Yet they see nothing wrong with accepting a Lawgiver other than Allah? What kind of shahadah are these people making? All of us do our best to learn at least the basics of Islamic beliefs, the basics of what shahadah means.
In this way, Allah willing, we will be making the correct shahadah. We will be witnessing to the truth as we are supposed to be witnesses to it. This is the opposite of doubt and uncertainty. In Islam, in fact, any kind of doubt is equivalent to kufr or disbelief. We must, in our hearts, be absolutely certain of the truth of the shahadah. Our hearts must not be wavering in any way when we testify to the truth of, "There is none worthy of worship except Allah.
Allah says:. Similarly, the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him,said, "No one meets Allah with the testimony that there is none worthy of worship but Allah and I am the Messenger of Allah, and he has no doubt about hat statement, except that he will enter Paradise" [Recorded by Muslim].
Indeed, Allah describes the hypocrites as those people whose hearts are wavering. For example, Allah says:. Many scholars have stated that the diseases of the heart, or the doubt and suspicions that one allows into one's heart, are more dangerous for a person's faith than lusts and desires.
This is because lusts and desires may be satisfied at some time yet the person still knows them to be wrong and he may control himself and repent and give up that evil deed.
On the other hand, the doubts and suspicions may linger in the heart, with no cure, until the person finally leaves Islam entirely or continues to practice Islam while, in fact, in his heart he does not have the true faith. The greatest cure for these doubts is seeking knowledge.
It is through sound knowledge of the Qur'an and the sunnah that most of these doubts will be removed. By study and understanding, one will attain certainty.
And as one studies and learns more, his certainty will be made firmer and firmer. I will give you just one example on this point; this is related to all of the doubts, suspicions and misconceptions that are circulating about the authenticity of the hadith literature. For example, some Muslims even claim that hadith were not recorded until at least years after the death of the Prophet, peace be upon him.
Indeed, there are Muslims who seem to have a great deal of doubt about hadith and very quick to reject hadith on that basis. But, in fact, if one actually takes the time to study the history and preservation of hadith , one will immediately recognise that all those claims and charges against the hadith are not based on anything scientific whatsoever. They are nothing but false claims that come from Satan and which Muslims with poor understanding and knowledge have allowed to creep into their hearts.
Let me make one last point about this condition of certainty. As I alluded to earlier, doubts and misconceptions are very dangerous for a person's faith. Doubt and wavering are tantamount to apostasy in Islam, as I mentioned earlier.
Hence, every Muslim should do best to safeguard himself from such doubts and remain away from the sources of doubts - especially if they are not well grounded in the Islamic sciences and do not have the knowledge to refute such doubts and misconceptions.
Hence if a person has an associate or friend, even if he be a Muslim friend, who is always making him doubt Allah or the religion, then he should remain away from that person in order to safeguard his own religion. Many Muslims nowadays study courses on Islam taught by Orientalists and because of their weak backgrounds in Islamic studies, they are influenced by the nonsense that some of these Orientalists are teaching in the name of "science".
Similarly, many brothers and sisters nowadays are spending hours at a time with the computer newsgroups and bulletin boards. A lot of nonsense and falsehood are posted on those newsgroups and bulletin boards. Again, the one who is not very knowledgeable of his religion may easily be influenced and affected by the misconceptions and false arguments that he reads in those bulletin boards.
He should remain away from those things and get a deeper knowledge of Islam through the authentic sources of the religion. Again, the greatest counterforce that can defeat doubts and misconceptions, after the bounty and guidance of Allah, is sound knowledge and understanding of the religion. When a person has that, he will not be affected by the weak arguments put out by the enemies of Islam and he will be, Allah willing, from among those described in the Qur'an :.
If a person has knowledge of and certainty in the shahadah , this must followed by acceptance, with the tongue and heart, of whatever that shahadah implies. Whoever refuses to accept the shahadah and its implications, even if he knows that it is true and certain about its truth, than he is a disbeliever.
This refusal to accept is sometimes due to pride, envy or other reasons. In any case, the shahadah is not a true shahadah without its unconditional acceptance.
The scholars all talk about this condition as a general condition in the way that I have just stated. However, there is also a more detailed aspect that we must all be aware of.
The believer accepts whatever the implications of the shahadah are. This also means that he believes in whatever is stated in the shahadah or stated by the Prophet, peace be upon him , without any right to choose what he wants to believe and what he wants to reject.
This is one aspect that the Muslims must be aware of. Although it is not the same as the complete refusal to accept the truth, by rejecting part of the truth that has come from Allah, one also negates his testimony of faith. Unfortunately, many Muslims are doing this nowadays in various ways. Although not all of these forms may necessarily be considered apostasy, they are still very dangerous.
For example, if they do not like what is stated in a verse in the Qur'an , they simply reinterpret the verse according to their liking. If they do not like what is stated in a hadith , they simply state that the hadith must not be authentic although they are not scholars in that area. This kind of behaviour is the antithesis of the behaviour of the true Muslims.
Whatever comes from Allah and His Messenger, peace be upon him , the true Muslim believes in as the truth. This goes hand in hand with their testimony of faith. This implies the actual physical enactment with our deeds of our shahadah. In fact, this is one of the main meanings of the word Islam itself, "the submission to the will and commands of Allah. Actually, Allah has clearly made it a condition of faith that one submits to the command of Allah and His messenger.
Unfortunately, there are many who claim that there is no relationship between faith and deeds. You can even hear one Muslim saying about another, "That is the best Muslim I have ever met," yet the other person performs scarcely any of the deeds of Islam whatsoever.
This incorrect understanding of faith has spread throughout the Muslim world. Indeed, our shahadah or testimony of faith must be implemented or realised in our hearts, tongues and actions. In our hearts, we must have love for Allah, fear Allah and hope in Him.
With our tongues we must testify to the shahadah. And with our actions, we must implement what the testimony of faith requires from us.
The Seven Conditions of Lā Ilāha illa-Allāh and the Shaḥādatayn (Testimony of Faith)
A condition is a necessary requirement for something to be or happen. The conditions of Tawheed are of great importance, it is compulsory on every Muslim to know and implement them in their daily lives. This is because if a person breaks one of these conditions, his Islam is nullified. There are seven conditions of Tawheed.
These seven conditions, he emphasises, must be fulfilled for it to benefit the one who utters it, in this life and the next. To fulfil these conditions means for the slave to have gathered them in himself and adhere to them, without nullifying any of them. Merely counting its words and memorising them is insufficient. Wahb b. The keys, Wahb b. Munabbih is referring to, are the conditions of La ilaha illa Allah which are binding upon every legally responsible person.