Sydenham's chorea , also known as chorea minor and historically and occasionally referred to as St Vitus' dance , is a disorder characterized by rapid, uncoordinated jerking movements primarily affecting the face, hands and feet. The disease is usually latent, occurring up to 6 months after the acute infection, but may occasionally be the presenting symptom of rheumatic fever. Sydenham's chorea is more common in females than males and most below 16 years of age. Adult onset of Sydenham's chorea is comparatively rare, and the majority of the adult cases are associated with exacerbation of chorea following childhood Sydenham's chorea. Sydenham's chorea is characterized by the abrupt onset sometimes within a few hours of neurologic symptoms, classically chorea , usually affecting all four limbs.
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This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed.
The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment.
This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved. Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures.
They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD. These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional. Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy.
If you do not want your question posted, please let us know. National Institutes of Health. COVID is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Menu Search Home Diseases Sydenham's chorea. You can help advance rare disease research! Title Other Names:. Vitus dance; Sydenham chorea; Rheumatic chorea. Summary Summary. Symptoms Symptoms. Showing of 16 View All. Difficulty articulating speech. Emotional instability. Decreased muscle tone. Low muscle tone. Obsessive compulsive behavior. Unsteady walk.
Do you have more information about symptoms of this disease? We want to hear from you. Do you have updated information on this disease? Treatment Treatment. In most cases, patients with Sydenham's chorea recover fully with no treatment. In patients who do not respond to these drugs, haloperidol or pimozide may be used. In addition, patients with Sydenham's chorea are usually treated with antibiotics to prevent another Streptococcal infection and to minimize the risk of rheumatic heart disease.
Sydenham's chorea usually resolves within months, though symptoms may persist for two years or more. Some believe that treatment with an antibiotic reduces the risk of recurrence. Research Research. Clinical Research Resources ClinicalTrials. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials. We strongly recommend that you talk with a trusted healthcare provider before choosing to participate in any clinical study. Patient Registry The Autoimmune Registry supports research for Sydenham's chorea by collecting information about patients with this and other autoimmune diseases.
You can join the registry to share your information with researchers and receive updates about participating in new research studies. Learn more about registries. Organizations Organizations. Organizations Supporting this Disease. Do you know of an organization? Learn More Learn More. Where to Start MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic. NORD is a patient advocacy organization for individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.
In-Depth Information The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health.
Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition. Orphanet is a European database for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge. PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Sydenham's chorea. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic. Have a question? References References.
Okun, Michael. Sydenham Chorea. Cruse, Robert. Sydenham chorea. Do you know of a review article? Share this content:. Close Copy Link. You May Be Interested In. How to Find a Disease Specialist. Tips for the Undiagnosed.
Support for Patients and Families. Tips for Finding Financial Aid. Help with Travel Costs. How to Get Involved in Research. Medical and Science Glossaries. Caring for Your Patient with a Rare Disease. FindZebra Diagnosis Assist Tool. Finding Funding Opportunities. Teaching Resources. Generalized hypotonia. Decreased muscle tone Low muscle tone [ more ]. Septic arthritis.
Clinical and Neuroimaging Findings of Sydenham’s Chorea
MRI is generally used to exclude other causes of chorea. In this study we aimed to determine clinical and neuroimaging findings of SC. Methods: In this study 17 patients with acute SC were retrospectively evaluated. The other causes of chorea were excluded. Walking, speech and swallowing disorders, muscle weakness, behavioral disorders, treatment, symptom recovery time and recurrence were evaluated. Two patients who had chorea paralytica were treated successfully with a high dose of intravenous methylprednisolone. Conclusion: Nonspecific hyperintense white matter abnormalities may be due to the inflammatory process associated with a longer duration of clinical signs.
Corea de Sydenham. Rev Neurol. Taranta A, Stollerman GH. Am J Med. Jones criteria revised for guidance in the diagnosis of rheumatic fever.
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