VIMALAKIRTI NIRDESA SUTRA PDF

The sutra teaches, among other subjects, the meaning of nondualism. This culminates with the wordless teaching of silence. The sutra has been influential in East Asian Buddhism for its "brash humor" and flexibility. It has also been influential in Mahayana Buddhism for its inclusiveness and respect for non-monastic practitioners as well as stating the equal role of women in Buddhism. There are currently various translations circulating, and in the English language, there are mainly four versions being translated.

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The sutra teaches, among other subjects, the meaning of nondualism. This culminates with the wordless teaching of silence. The sutra has been influential in East Asian Buddhism for its "brash humor" and flexibility. It has also been influential in Mahayana Buddhism for its inclusiveness and respect for non-monastic practitioners as well as stating the equal role of women in Buddhism. There are currently various translations circulating, and in the English language, there are mainly four versions being translated.

Two of which have been translated from the Chinese version by Kumarajiva , and two others being translated from the Tibetan version in Kanjur Canon. The Chinese version has three versions, of which the Kumarajiva version is the most famous. The Tibetan version has two known versions, one of which is found in Kanjur, and the other being the Dunhuang version found in the early 20th century.

There are also various translations into Japanese, Korean, and Mongolian, Manchurian languages. There is also a popular French version circulating by the famous scholar Lamotte. Chos-nyid-tshul-khrims also translated it into Tibetan in the early 8th century. When the ruler of the region and various officials and others visit him, he takes the opportunity to expound Dharma teachings.

He has been asked a question in a particular context [ The bodhisattvas give a variety of answers on the question what non-duality is. Manjusri is the last bodhisattva to answer, and says that "by giving an explanation they have already fallen into dualism".

Vimalakirti, in his turn, answers with silence. The Zen tradition is avowedly the Buddhism of Vimalakirti's silence—a claim that is explicitly reinforced by the practice of silent meditation. To adopt an aphasia or cognitive quietism from the start would be pointless, and, as the Goddess notes, contrary to the practice of the Buddha himself, who uttered an enormous number of words during his career.

But of course the episode gets its point precisely from the fact that Buddhist literature is replete with a rhetoric of silence—with episodes of especially significant silence—and indeed, as we discover a mere two chapters later in this very sutra. The Vimalakirti Sutra has become widely popular in East Asia with the sutra becoming especially popular in the Zen school.

Richard B. From Encyclopedia of Buddhism. Jump to: navigation , search. This article is a clone. It is a copy of a Wikipedia article that has not been vetted by our editors. Buddhism portal. The Vimalakirti Sutra. Columbia University Press. Sidhartha's Intent. Retrieved 30 January Archived from the original on April 15, Retrieved 15 April Oxford Univ.

Encyclopedia of Religion , 2nd ed. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Zen Buddhism. The Rosen Publishing Group. Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research. Orthodox Chinese Buddhism.

North Atlantic Books. Diamond Sutra Explained. Basic Buddhism: Exploring Buddhism and Zen. The Holy Teaching of Vimalakirti. Penn State University Press. Archived from the original on Retrieved 24 October Categories : Clones Articles with unsourced statements from August Mahayana sutras Mahayana texts.

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This page was last edited on 14 January , at Content is available under CC by 3. This article includes content from the August revision of Vimalakirti Sutra on Wikipedia view authors.

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The Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra

The Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra also called the Vimalakirti Sutra, probably was written nearly 2, years ago. Yet it retains its freshness and humor as well as its wisdom. Modern readers especially appreciate its lesson on the equality of women and the enlightenment of laypeople. Like most Mahayana Buddhist Sutras, the origins of the text are not known. It is generally believed that the original was a Sanskrit text dating to about the 1st century CE.

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Vimalakirti Nirdesha Sutra

In most versions, the discourse of the text culminates with a wordless teaching of silence. Although it had been thought lost for centuries, a version in Sanskrit was recovered in among the manuscripts of the Potala Palace in Lhasa. For a recent and thorough summary of the present scholarly understanding of the text, readers should consult Felbur. Various translations circulate, and an even greater number are known or claimed to have existed in the past.

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Vimalakirti Nirdesa Sutra

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