Jean Baptiste Lamarck made significant contributions to the disciplines of botany, zoology, and paleontology. Born in Picardy, France, he studied at a Jesuit seminary, but he never completed his training for the priesthood. Lamarck joined the army and fought in the Seven Years' War. During this time, he developed an interest in Mediterranean flora and began to do botanical research.
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This, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck's best-known treatise, is a landmark in evolutionary thinking. Discredited in his time, Lamarck's 18th- and 19th-century research appears to have been closer to the mark than many would have guessed. Typically remembered solely for his theory of the inheritance of acquired characteristics, many of Lamarck's other ideas, particularly those about This, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck's best-known treatise, is a landmark in evolutionary thinking. Typically remembered solely for his theory of the inheritance of acquired characteristics, many of Lamarck's other ideas, particularly those about the mechanism that drives evolution, are beginning to garner more attention.
Highlighted in this work is Lamarck's central evolutionary claim that more than simply providing a backdrop for evolution, the environment plays a vital role in the development of biodiversity. Get A Copy. Paperback , pages. Published September 1st by University of Chicago Press first published More Details Original Title.
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Be the first to ask a question about Zoological Philosophy. Lists with This Book. Community Reviews. Showing Average rating 4. Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Start your review of Zoological Philosophy. He was one of the first to come up with the idea of evolution in time, occurring and proceeding by natural laws within a genealogic classification, from the most primitive to the most complex species of all living things on earth up to the human being.
He gave the term biology a broader meaning by coining the term for individual sciences, chemistry, meteorol Phylosophie Zoologique LAMARCK Lamarck was a French Naturalist, one of the pioneers of the science, a biologist, and an academic. He gave the term biology a broader meaning by coining the term for individual sciences, chemistry, meteorology, geology, and botany-zoology. There are some similarities in their respective philosophies but also some decisive differences.
According to Lamarck, the evolution of living things is based on an inherent tendency of complexification. Darwin rejected any such idea. His own theory of evolution is based on the permanent adaptation of living things to their environment. It is therefore of a passive nature, contrary to Lamarck's ongoing internally active evolution.
The other significant difference is the theory of genetic inheritance of acquired characteristics. Such a theory has been an accepted scientific fact since Aristotle. Then there are Lamarck's explanations on the physical operational functions of the body, like the circulation of liquids such as blood and nervous fluids, etc.
These theories were soon forgotten and superseded by chemical and biological discoveries in the following century. The one mayor and outstanding achievement by Lamarck was his broad and precious classification of invertebrate animals which is still appreciated today. The primary interest of this book for me is once again its historical and philosophic value.
Situating scientific progression through centuries, observing from the thousands of dead-end research and advances, made from the Ancient Sumerians, Greeks and Romans, to the modern world. Jul 01, Joe Ward rated it really liked it Recommends it for: serious biologists or science historians. This classic work is a must read for any serious student of evolutionary theory or the history of biology. I own an English translation published in and enjoyed reading it 20 years or so ago.
It is unfortunate that Lamarck is remembered today as the guy who "got it wrong," relative to Darwin, because what he's remembered as being wrong about, i. For instance, Freud came to believe in the inheritance of acquired traits from r This classic work is a must read for any serious student of evolutionary theory or the history of biology.
For instance, Freud came to believe in the inheritance of acquired traits from reading Darwin, long before he finally read Lamarck. The thing Lamarck was truly wrong about, if we need something to criticize him for, was his promulgation of the Neoplatonist idea of the "Scala Naturae" or "Great Chain of Being," which he goes on and on about.
Lamarck was a good zoologist and profound thinker for his time and this important book is still worth reading today. I should probably rate it five stars for its historical importance but it is a bit of a slog for the modern reader to get through. Published in , this book is testament to the fact that scientists used to be good writers. What the hell happened after the early twentieth century? This is the first comprehensive theory of evolution proposed, based upon inductive reasoning.
It precedes Darwin's On the Origin of Species by fifty years. And as with Darwin's works, it actually reads well. In order to enjoy contemporary scientific writing, by contrast, I think you have to have some sort of neuroses. Scientific writing today is Published in , this book is testament to the fact that scientists used to be good writers.
Scientific writing today is like reading a printout of 0s and 1s from a computer. This book is a must read for anyone even remotely interested in evolutionary biology. Darwin didn't replace Lamarckian evolutionary theory, he merely added Natural Selection to it. Five stars! Jan 05, Maria O'Hare rated it it was amazing. Everyone should read this book that was written in his own words and find out just how accurate Lamarck was when assessed against our current and evoluting understanding of epigenetic principles of evolution.
Jan 25, YZ added it Shelves: unfinished. Just selections from Part I, for class. Aug 21, Joshua Nomen-Mutatio rated it liked it Shelves: ethology , miscellaneous-natural-science , evolutionary-theory. Interesting as a historical remnant but uninteresting in terms of evolutionary theory.
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Philosophie zoologique "Zoological Philosophy, or Exposition with Regard to the Natural History of Animals" is an book by the French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck , in which he outlines his pre-Darwinian theory of evolution , part of which is now known as Lamarckism. In the book, Lamarck named two supposed laws that would enable animal species to acquire characteristics under the influence of the environment. The first law stated that use or disuse would cause body structures to grow or shrink over the generations. The second law asserted that such changes would be inherited. Those conditions together imply that species continuously change by adaptation to their environments, forming a branching series of evolutionary paths.