Grace Gassette March 28, — was an American artist and sculptor, decorated for her contributions to developing orthopedic devices for the treatment of war injuries, during World War I. Her father was a businessman and veteran of the American Civil War. After her mother's death, she was raised by her stepmother, Amelia Boggs Gassette. Gassette lived with her stepmother and worked as a portrait painter in Paris before World War I. She was in charge of surgical supplies for the American Ambulance Hospital in Neuilly-sur-Seine when the war began.
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Photo added by Linda Davis. Artist, Medical Equipment Inventor. She is remembered for being an American artist in the first half of the 20th century.
While she was in Paris, World War I began and she laid aside her paint brush to become in charge of the surgical supplies of the American Ambulance Hospital in Newully-sur-Siene. After seeing soldiers with the serious battle wounds of their limbs, she, along with orthopedic surgeons, designed an inexpensive wooden apparatus with weights and rope to maintain limb alignment by traction while healing.
Her knowledge of the human anatomy from art school helped her in this task. Not only did the device help in healing but it was documented to decrease limb amputation. She published articles in medical journals about her device and the outcomes of using it.
For her work, she was decorated in June of with France's highest honor, the Cross of the Legion of Honor. Although there have been many American women receiving this honor, she was the second woman with the first being writer, Edith Wharton.
She received the Medaille of d'Honneur from France for her twenty-six months of continuous service in the American Ambulance Hospital and other honors from the French government. After the war, she remained in France to teach and do portrait paintings for a total of twenty years. Although she had little to offer, she was a consultant for the treatment of United States President Franklin Roosevelt in his last months of life.
In her later years, she returned to the United States. In she was one of the founders of the Women's Athletic Club of Chicago. Thank you for fulfilling this photo request.
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Your suggested merge has been submitted for review. Thanks for helping with Find a Grave! Riverside Cemetery. Share Save to Suggest Edits. Memorial Photos Flowers. Read More Bio by: Linda Davis. Family Members. Norman Theodore Gassette — Martha Graves Gassette — Cornelia Blanche Gassette — Leave a Flower. See more Gassette memorials in:.
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Bennet Harvey collection's scrapbook on Chicago artist Grace Gassette's work in World War I Paris