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Mircea Eliade , Romanian historian of religions and author, and professor in the University of Chicago Divinity School and Committee on Social Thought, The papers include correspondence, manuscripts, photographs, publications, audio and video recordings, and personal materials and artifacts.
Series XI contains student evaluative material that is restricted for eighty years from the date of creation. Access to audio-visual material in Series VIII may be restricted due to condition or lack of listening or viewing equipment. The remainder of the collection is open for research. When quoting material from this collection, the preferred citation is: Mircea Eliade. Gheorge had changed the family name from Ieremia to Eliade in order to honor the noted Romanian writer Ion Eliade Radulescu.
After the war, Captain Gheorge Eliade retired, and Mircea was raised in genteel poverty. An eager learner from childhood, Eliade read voraciously despite his myopia and published scores of short stories and commentaries by the time he was eighteen years old. Active in religion and politics, Ionescu maintained a strong influence over Eliade until his death in Interested in Indian philosophy and wanting to learn Sanskrit, Eliade wrote to a wealthy Indian maharajah and requested six months of funding so that he might study with the scholar Surendranath Dasgupta.
The maharajah replied that he would fund Eliade's studies for five years to allow a serious study of the language. Eliade's studies in India began in , but his benefactor died after only two years, leaving Eliade with no financial support except a small stipend from the Romanian government.
His instructor, Dasgupta, allowed Eliade to continue his studies and supplied room and board until he discovered that his daughter and Eliade were romantically involved. Dismissed by Dasgupta, Eliade studied yoga under Swami Shivananda at Rishikesh for six months before returning home under the threat of being drafted by the Romanian military. Eliade returned to Bucharest in and continued to publixh articles and novels while completing his dissertation at the University of Bucharest He remained at the university as an assistant to Professor Nae Ionescu and taught classes on yoga.
The publication of his book Yoga in French brought Eliade international attention, though within Romania he remained known primarily for his novels and nationalist writings. Nae Ionescu had been actively involved in the Legion of the Archangel also known as the Iron Guard , a right-wing Romanian movement, and Eliade lent his support to Ionescu.
In , Eliade, along with the leaders of the Legionary movement, was imprisoned by the government of King Carol II for several months. Eliade learned French and supported himself by writing on religion, which gained him the respect of European scholars.
In he married Christinel Cottesco, a Romanian living in Paris, and in that same year he began participating in the Jungian Eranos Conferences in Switzerland, which brought him into contact with international scholars on subjects such as religion and psychology. Eliade accepted an appointment as a Visiting Professor at the University of Chicago in , where he delivered the Haskell Lectures on the history of religions.
He was subsequently appointed to an endowed chair as Sewell L. Very productive during his Chicago years, Eliade co-founded and edited the journal History of Religions.
As his books began appearing in English translations, his recognition and influence grew. In these years Eliade published broader scholarly works such as his three volume A History of Religious Ideas 3 vols. Although homesick for Romania, Eliade refused to return the country of his birth, even after steps were taken by the Communist regime in the s to move toward "rehabilitation" of his name. Mac Linscott Ricketts studied with Eliade and translated many of his books into English.
Regarding Eliade's academic legacy Ricketts has stated:. He did not create a 'school,' although most of his former students can be identified by their insistence on the 'irreducibility' of religion and their penchant for seeing common patterns or 'archetypes' in religious and cultural phenomena everywhere. Eliade taught his students to be 'hermeneuts,' always searching for 'meanings' in the religious phenomena, and he urged them to write oeuvres as well as erudite, scientific tomes.
Eliade believed the study of the history of religions could bring about a 'new humanism,' an intellectual awakening comparable to the Renaissance, but this time evoked by the rediscovery of archaic and non-Christian religions. The majority of the Mircea Eliade Papers were produced during the years Eliade spent at the University of Chicago However, much of the correspondence is from the years he spent in Paris , and some correspondence with family and friends dates from his studies in India Shortly before to Eliade's death in , a fire in his office damaged a portion of his correspondence and other papers beyond recognition.
Series I: Writings, Notes and Interviews contains manuscripts, typescripts and offprints of many of Eliade's writings. This section also contains interviews conducted with and by Eliade, notes and book lists compiled during his research and writing, and bibliographies of his works.
Series II: Correspondence, is divided into five subseries. The correspondence comprises mostly letters written to Eliade, with occasional copies of his outgoing correspondence. Subseries I contains Eliade's correspondence with Romanian friends and associates. Most is organized by the authors' names; a small amount of occasional correspondence is arranged chronologically. The remainder of the correspondence is written in English, French, Italian, and German.
Subseries 2 and 3 comprise correspondence with publishers and translators of Eliade's work, and Subseries 4 includes letters between Eliade and other scholars and associates. Subseries 5 contains letters damaged by a fire in Eliade's office. Most of this correspondence is unidentifiable. Series III: Writings by Others, contains writings about, dedicated to, or collected by Eliade, including dissertations, conference papers, reviews, newspaper clippings, and essays.
Series IV: General Files, contains miscellaneous materials, including ephemera collected by Eliade, financial papers and documentation of the memorial service that followed his death.
Series V contains family photographs from Romania as well as photographs of Mircea and his second wife Christinel. Additionally, there are, one containing photographs of the houses where famous European artists were born.
Series VI: Awards, and Series VII: Oversize, includes posters for performances of plays written by Eliade, as well as maps, photographs, medals, and honorary degrees granted to him. Series IX contains personal documents and artifacts, such as Eliade's pipe and address books, and the papers of his wife, Christinel. Series X: Student Papers, includes papers written by Eliade's students on the histories of various religions. Included is a paper by Eliade's student and translator, Mac Linscott Ricketts.
Series XI: Restricted, contains files to which access is restricted. Grades, letters of recommendation, and other evaluative student records have been restricted in compliance with University of Chicago policies.
Romanian articles, English translations by Mac Linscott Ricketts, circa ss, typescripts, undated. Le Mythe de l'eternel retour, annotated copy of book, typescript notes and preface for Italian edition, undated. Eliade interviewed by Gene F. Nameche, for C. Jung Biographical Archive, typescript, , Earhart, H. Ray, Richard A. Tusa, Bobs M. Correspondence, condolence letters, including letters from Joseph Campbell and Vatican City, Correspondence, condolence letters, including letters from Florence Hetzler and Mac Linscott Ricketts, Correspondence, including a letter from Mac Linscott Ricketts requesting special permission from Christinel, Offprints and photocopies "Aspecte ale mitului Hetzler, photocopy of typescript, Manuscripts of unfinished play, "," manuscript, undated "," typescript, undated.
Journal, photocopy of typescript, Publication, Offprints and photocopies "A Cosmic Territorial Imperative? Offprints and photocopies "Deasupra tuturor glorillor efemere Aspecte ale Barocului," typescript, undated "Glossarium. Offprints and photocopies "Kosmogonische Mythen und magische Heilungen," "Krisis und Erneuerung der Religionswissenschaft," Offprints and photocopies "Limbajele secrete," "Literary Imagination and Religious Structure," "Les loups et la louve," Ionesco," photocopy of copyedited proof, undated.
Offprints and photocopies "La vertu creatice du mythe," "Viaje al mundo maya," "La vigne et le vin mystique," undated "Von der Unteilbarkeit Europas," Reviews E. Niculescu, Niculescu, Maya Niculesuc, Miron. Bollingen, The Bollingen Adventure, Eliade's Vision of the History of the Religions," undated. Barbosa de Silva, A. Brauer, Jerald C.
Coates, William A. Culianu, Ioan P. Gnoli, G. Kitagawa, Joseph Correspondence and biography of Eliade, Essays, Penner, Hans. Revue de L'Histoire des Religions, Miscellaneous correspondence, News clippings, Tokarski, St.
Zwi Werblowsky, R. Correspondence, "In nostro tempore," "Messanianism in Primitive Societies," "Methods of contemplation in 16th Century Kabbalah," undated. P Pettazoni, Raffaele, Picron, Claudine, Eliade, Mircea and Georgette Christinel , certificates of refugee status and passports,
Guide to the Mircea Eliade Papers 1926-1998
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