Fred Reinfeld January 27, — May 29, was an American writer on chess and many other subjects. He was also a strong chess master , often among the top ten American players from the early s to the early s, as well as a college chess instructor. Fred Reinfeld was born in New York City , and lived his entire life within its metropolitan area. Reinfeld learned chess in his early teen years, and played for his high school team. He joined the Marshall Chess Club in Manhattan in
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Fred Reinfeld January 27, — May 29, was an American writer on chess and many other subjects. He was also a strong chess master , often among the top ten American players from the early s to the early s, as well as a college chess instructor. Fred Reinfeld was born in New York City , and lived his entire life within its metropolitan area. Reinfeld learned chess in his early teen years, and played for his high school team.
He joined the Marshall Chess Club in Manhattan in He won the U. Intercollegiate championship in while at NYU. They had two children: Donald in and Judith in Fred Reinfeld was a prolific author, having written or co-written well over books. Reinfeld began writing about chess in late He became a charter writer for the new magazine Chess Review in , and was a senior editor there by Most of Reinfeld's chess books, such as The Complete Chess Player , were geared toward novice players.
Many players received their first introduction to the game through his books. Reinfeld also wrote books for more advanced players, but they sold fewer copies.
He certainly had the chess knowledge, research skills and writing ability to write high-quality books, but decided to specialize in basic books for chess beginners, since they sold much better, and he was able to make a living from this.
In , Reinfeld became the 26th person inducted into the U. Chess Hall of Fame , and the first inducted primarily for his writing. Although Reinfeld is remembered today mainly for his writing, he was also one of the strongest chess players in the United States from the early s to the early s, after which he withdrew from competition. Although he was never formally awarded an international title in chess, his playing strength during his peak years, measured by his rating, places him at or near the International Master class.
International titles were awarded by FIDE , the World Chess Federation, beginning in , while international chess ratings were started in The United States was one of the first nations to implement a national rating system, using work done by Professor Arpad Elo , and his statistical methods were later adapted to international chess as well.
The chessmetrics group, which retrospectively rates chess events and players, endeavoring to estimate the playing strengths of players on an historical basis, places Reinfeld with a peak rating of in May , good for 70 in the world.
His highest world rank on this basis was 64, from March to April However, it is possible that not all of his important competitive events have been included for calculation.
Reinfeld twice won the New York State Championship, in and In the U. Reinfeld won the Marshall Chess Club title in Reinfeld qualified twice for the finals of the U. Chess Championship. In that era, only national championships of the Soviet Union featured stronger fields than the American national championship.
Reinfeld never competed internationally outside the United States. He withdrew from most tournament play after , when his first child was born.
During his career, he won tournament games against grandmasters Reshevsky twice , Fine, Frank Marshall , and Denker, and drew against world champion Alexander Alekhine. Reinfeld wrote his first book about a subject other than chess in —an abridged version of Charles Dickens ' famous work Oliver Twist.
Reinfeld also wrote books on a number of other subjects, including checkers How to Win at Checkers , numismatics Coin Collector's Handbook , philately Commemorative Stamps of the U. In addition to his own name, Reinfeld wrote under the pseudonyms Robert V. Masters and Edward Young. Reinfeld's 19 numismatic works were the subject of an article by Leonard D.
From the early s, Reinfeld was a part-time chess instructor in the adult education departments at both New York University and Columbia University , where his courses were popular. After his death, his widow Beatrice Levine donated his library in to New York University; it contained more than 1, books, of which he had written about On May 29, , Reinfeld died at the age of 54 in East Meadow, New York ,   reportedly from a ruptured cerebral aneurysm.
Other books by Fred Reinfeld aka Robert Masters : . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Chess Hall of Fame inductees listed; every prior inductee of the U. Horowitz , and Abraham Kupchik Also available on DVD p. Retrieved on Chess historian Edward Winter has questioned the reliability of this source, noting that it erroneously claims that Reinfeld had mastered the game by age six.
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1001 Winning Chess Sacrifices and Combinations