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VedaType 2. Introduction VedaType is a system for typing Devanagari, the alphabet of Sanskrit, on Macintosh computers. A companion product, VedaPad, runs on Windows computers. This manual describes VedaType version 2. VedaType is designed for Sanskrit, including Vedic Sanskrit. It is not designed for Hindi, Marathi, or other modern Indian languages that use Devanagari, since these languages require special letters and ligatures that are not included in VedaType.
VedaType includes fonts and this manual. It does not include the word processing software that is part of VedaPad. The software in VedaPad enables you to produce Devanagari by typing in a transliteration on your keyboard. For example, suppose you wish to type. The Devanagari appears on the screen. You can then save the Devanagari to a file or copy it to another program. In VedaType, you start any program and select the Devanagari font.
The second procedure is thoroughly described in this manual. If you have a choice, you may prefer to use VedaPad over VedaType. Installation To install VedaType, you must download the product zip file, and then install the font files. Save the zip file to your computer. The file should appear on the desktop, and its contents should appear as a folder on the desktop.
If the folder does not appear automatically, then you must unzip the file yourself into a folder. Inside the folder you should find several font files, with extension. Drag the font files into the Fonts folder under the System Folder folder. Both these fonts are available in all applications. These fonts are not Unicode compliant. They have their own proprietary encoding which is unique to VedaType.
Therefore, you cannot covert text that is set in other fonts directly into VedaType fonts. You can copy Devanagari and transliteration text as you would any other text. Other users can see the Devanagari and transliteration text set with VedaType, as long as the computer they are working on has the VedaType fonts installed.
Obsolete versions of VedaPad and VedaType contained Devanagari and transliteration fonts with other names. If someone sends you an RTF, Doc, or similar file that was produced with an old version of VedaPad or VedaType, and you are unable to read the document, check the font name in the affected section to see if it matches the above names.
If not, you may be able to read the document by changing the font in your copy. If you still cannot read it, the person who sent you the file must correct it, either by changing the font and the text, or by converting the file to a PDF file. See PDF Files below. Most computers are already set up for this. Exceptions include users who have set up their Mac to be used in a language other than English. Use the steps below if you believe your Mac may not already be set to MacRoman.
In OS X From the View menu, select the International pane. Click on the Language tab. Set the script to Roman. Click on the Customize Sorting button. Turning Off Auto Typing Features In every application in which you plan to use VedaType, you must turn off all the features which automatically change certain characters you type into other characters. For example, Word is normally set to change straight quotation marks, ", into curly quotation marks, or.
These character substitutions work fine with standard English fonts, but they produce incorrect Devanagari characters with VedaType fonts. The steps you need to follow to turn off this feature vary with each application.
Below are directions for turning them off in Word X for Mac. In other programs, you usually follow a similar procedure. From the Tools menu, select AutoCorrect. Click the AutoCorrect tab. Uncheck all items. Uncheck all items in the Replace as you type section. Click the AutoType tab. Click the AutoFormat tab. Uncheck all items in the Replace section. Click OK. Turning Off Spell Checking Some applications have automatic spell checking enabled by default.
This is fine for English, but it labels every Devanagari word as misspelled. If your document contains a large amount of Devanagari, you may wish to turn off this feature. The steps you need to follow vary with each application.
From the Word menu, select Preferences. Click Spelling and Grammar. Uncheck the following items: Check spelling as you type, Always suggest corrections, Check grammar as you type, and Check grammar with spelling. The Devanagari Font In VedaType, you type Devanagari as a series of complete letters, each representing a complete syllable.
A complete letter consists of one or more letter elements, each of which is a character in the font. A table of the main font containing Devanagari characters, the Vedic97 font, is in the Font Tables section below. This table tells you how to type each letter element in the font. The Vedic97 font contains the following types of letter elements: Full letters such as. Simple matras, including vowel matras such as anusvaras, viramas, and Vedic accents.
Left matras such as. Miscellaneous characters such as punctuation and digits. Most of the matras have several different versions, which differ mainly in their horizontal position, so that the matra can be placed at various points relative to the full letter. Typing Devanagari Characters To type Devanagari, use the following procedure. Open the application in which you wish to type Devanagari. Select the Vedic97 font. Identify the complete letters in the Devanagari text you wish to type.
Identify the letter elements in each complete letter. Locate these letter elements in the Vedic97 font table. Type each letter element using the keystrokes in the font table. To type a conjunct consonant, use these steps. See if there is already a full conjunct character. If you are setting a triple or more conjunct, look for a conjunct character for some of the consonants.
If there is no conjunct character, look for a half letter for the first letter element. If there is no conjunct character or half letter, use a full letter plus virama instead of a half letter. To type a complete letter, you must type each of the letter elements in this order: Left matra, if any Half letters, if any Full letter Right matra, if any Simple matras, if any. An Example of Typing Devanagari We will illustrate the above process by identifying the keystrokes you would use to type the first verse of the Bhagavad-Gita.
Here is the Devanagari for this verse: 7. The first complete letter, , consists of one letter element. The second complete letter,. The font table lists the keystrokes for these characters as m and R. We type this letter by pressing m and R on the keyboard. The fourth complete letter, , consists of a full conjunct character The keystrokes for these letter elements are ] and e.
Here are some points of note as we type the rest of the verse. For the first complete letter of the second word,. We can improve the alignment by using one of the other umatra characters.
In this case, we can use the u-matra with keystroke option-shift-1, which yields. The second complete letter of the second word, , is a full conjunct character that is typed with option-r, without any need for a separate u-matra character. In the fourth word, the conjunct s. In the second word of the second line, the conjunct character is typed with two keystrokes, option-e and then i. Several other characters in the font are typed with two keystrokes.
In the third word of the second line, the complete letter 8.
Veda Type Manual
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