The present study evaluated the effects of baru nut consumption on body weight, percent adiposity, amount of adipose tissue and blood levels in obese male Swiss mice. After inducing obesity by providing high-glucose diet 60 days , the mice were divided into 4 groups 7 animals per group and were fed on a control diet C , high-glucose diet HG or high-glucose diet added with baru HGBA or soybean oil HGSO. Groups fed with diet HGBA had a decrease in the weight gain and glucose and triglyceride levels when compared to diet HG. Aimals fed with HG exhibited a higher proportion of epididymal and retroperitoneal adipose tissue. The inclusion of baru nut in the diet improved the control of weight gain and glucose and triglyceride levels in obese mice. Baru Dipteryx alata Vogel is a fruit from a native tree in the cerrado region savanna , Brazil.
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Dipteryx alata is a large, undomesticated, edible nut -bearing tree from dryish tropical lowlands in central South America belonging to the legume family, Fabaceae , from the Dipterygeae tribe in the Faboideae subfamily. It is known in Spanish as almendro almond in Santa Cruz department in southern Bolivia,  almendrillo in Pando in northern Bolivia, and shihuahuaco in the Department of Madre de Dios in southern Peru. In both these last two regions it shares the same name with Dipteryx micrantha.
Both tree species are also known as mawi in the Ese Eja language spoken there. The common name baru appears to be the most used in Brazilian Portuguese. The German botanist Julius Rudolph Theodor Vogel named the species alata , which means "winged"  and refers to the winged petiole of the leaves.
As a legume, this tree belongs to the botanical family Fabaceae  ; this is also known as Leguminosae, and commonly known as the bean, or pea, family. It is quite distant from other less-known legumes such as Inga , Parkia , Tylosema , or tamarinds. The tree can measure up to 25 m in height and 0.
It has compound leaves with 6 to 14 leaflets. The greenish-white flowers are 6 to 15mm in diameter. The form of the fruit a bean pod is ovoid and contains a juicy flesh within.
It is native to Bolivia , Brazil , Paraguay and Peru. It grows in the tropical savannah of the Chiquitania region. Brazil : It can be found in suitable habitat throughout much of central and western Brazil. Of all the species of Dipteryx this species has the most southerly distribution and is the only one which grows in regions with marked seasons.
It is found in the Amazon , Caatinga and central Brazilian savannah called Cerrado in Brazil phytogeographical regions. It may reliably be used as an indicator species of such conditions Macedo, , not occurring where the fertility is naturally very low. Unlike most legumes, baru trees harbor no symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria in root nodules and in fact depend on fixing nitrogen from water tables with their deep roots.
The fruits are a food source for birds and small mammals, such as rodents, bats, and monkeys. It is used as lumber , for charcoal production and for shade in pastures, by the indigenous peoples of its range. The fruits are often used as feed for cattle.
The seeds are a nutritious part of the local communities' diet. According to Alexiades some among the Ese Eja people, which have recently started using the hallucinogenic drug ayahuasca , see visions of concrete houses under the influence of this drug, which according to a source interviewed by Alexiades represents a tree of this species.
Alexiades theorises that this tree is to be considered a "teacher plant" in the new ayahuasca shamanism that the Ese Eja have adopted and that it, in specific, and trees in general, represents the "future".
Uses for the fruit can be summarized as: . A tree has a useful lifespan of 60 years. The baru tree grows wild, but there are recent attempts at large scale cultivation. The fruit matures shortly before rain season in the cerrado, which could range between June to October depending on its latitude.
Its brown fruits are either collected from the ground or picked from the tree when they are almost ripe. Baru fruit extraction is a profitable alternative to deforestation.
Several cerrado communities rely on the sale of baru fruits and seeds as a source of revenue. Out of the fruit, the pulp is sweet and nutritious. It can be consumed fresh, but is also used to manufacture jams, jellies, and liquors. Baru seeds are high in fat, proteins , dietary fibers , magnesium , iron and zinc. The baru seed , also known as the baru nut , baru almond , or chiquitanian almond , is the seed of Dipteryx alata Vogel. It is classified as a tertiary grain legume,  as its supply chain is still very limited.
Atypically among legume crop plants, baru seeds develop from a tree, and are dispersed by animals, particularly birds, bats and rodents. Baru seeds are similar in taste to peanuts and are often served in similar ways in Western cuisines.
The botanical definition of a " nut " is a fruit whose ovary wall becomes hard at maturity. Using this criterion, the baru seed is not a nut given its unique fruit. However, it was initially translated in English as "nut" due to the first internationally published articles translating the word "castanha" from Portuguese.
This is a misnomer in itself, as it would be literally translated as "chestnut". Baru seeds are highly nutritious  and rich in: Anti-oxidants mainly tocopherols , protein , dietary fiber , omega-6 , omega-3 , magnesium , potassium , phosphorus and zinc. Baru seeds should be served after heating either as boiling, baking or roasting, which deactivates a trypsin inhibitor enzyme.
Baru seeds are used mostly as an occasional salted snack by local communities, due to the difficulty of extracting them manually. In Canada and the United States, baru seeds are used as a snack and ingredient, and are slowly being adopted as a peanut substitute. Individually, they are eaten dry-roasted. Baru seeds come from one of the earliest branches of legumes called Dipterygeae , and did not evolve some characteristics of more derived, commonly consumed legumes.
However, due to their early-stage processing chain, there is a possibility of cross-contamination with native nuts from Brazil such as cashew nuts and Brazil nuts if processed in a shared facility.
According to an anonymous assessor writing for the IUCN in , this species is vulnerable due to over-collection of the seeds, usage as timber, and habitat loss by intensive farming. However, the IUCN fails to provide references to back up this claim, and use a restricted distribution instead of the actual range. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Dipteryx alata Conservation status. Retrieved 5 August American Journal of Botany. Fabaceae ". Genetics and Molecular Biology. Missouri Botanical Garden.
Retrieved 31 July City University of New York. Docket Retrieved 1 August CNCFlora in Portuguese. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura. Toby; de Lima, Haroldo C. April New Phytologist. Annals of Forest Research. Dipteryx in Flora do Brasil under construction. Vascular Plants of the Americas. Inventario Biologico de Paraguay. Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru.
Journal of Plant Nutrition. Leguminosae: Faboidae in the edge and interior of Cerrado". Brazilian Journal of Biology. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine.
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. Food Research International. INIST : November South African Journal of Botany. Molecular Immunology. Dipteryx alata. Hidden categories: CS1 Portuguese-language sources pt CS1 Spanish-language sources es Articles with 'species' microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from July Taxonomy articles created by Polbot.
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Dipteryx alata is a large, undomesticated, edible nut -bearing tree from dryish tropical lowlands in central South America belonging to the legume family, Fabaceae , from the Dipterygeae tribe in the Faboideae subfamily. It is known in Spanish as almendro almond in Santa Cruz department in southern Bolivia,  almendrillo in Pando in northern Bolivia, and shihuahuaco in the Department of Madre de Dios in southern Peru. In both these last two regions it shares the same name with Dipteryx micrantha. Both tree species are also known as mawi in the Ese Eja language spoken there.
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating. Home Search Contact. Coumarouna alata Vogel Taub. Tree Photograph by: Denis A.